Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Accounting Policies (Policies)

Accounting Policies (Policies)
6 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Principles of Consolidation

Principles of Consolidation: The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Optex Systems, Inc. All significant inter-company balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.


The condensed consolidated financial statements of Optex Systems Holdings included herein have been prepared by Optex Systems Holdings, without audit, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”). Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in conjunction with generally accepted accounting principles have been condensed or omitted pursuant to such rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures are adequate to make the information presented not misleading.


These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the annual audited consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto included in the Optex Systems Holdings’ Form 10-K for the year ended September 30, 2018 and other reports filed with the SEC.


The accompanying unaudited interim consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments of a normal and recurring nature which are, in the opinion of management, necessary to present fairly the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of Optex Systems Holdings for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for these periods are not necessarily comparable to, or indicative of, results of any other interim period or for the fiscal year taken as a whole. Certain information that is not required for interim financial reporting purposes has been omitted.


Inventory: As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, inventory included: 


    March 31, 2019     September 30, 2018  
Raw Material   $ 6,747     $ 5,580  
Work in Process     3,929       3,478  
Finished Goods     259       254  
Gross Inventory   $ 10,935     $ 9,312  
Less: Inventory Reserves     (1,722 )     (1,673 )
Net Inventory   $ 9,213     $ 7,639  
Concentration of Credit Risk

Concentration of Credit Risk: Optex Systems Holdings’ accounts receivables for the period ended March 31, 2019 are derived from revenues to one major U.S. defense contractor, 33%, U.S. government agencies, 52%, one large commercial customer, 7%, and all other customers, 8%. The Company does not believe that this concentration results in undue credit risk because of the financial strength of the obligees.

Accrued Warranties

Accrued Warranties: Optex Systems Holdings accrues product warranty liabilities based on the historical return rate against period shipments as they occur and reviews and adjusts these accruals quarterly for any significant changes in estimated costs or return rates. The accrued warranty liability includes estimated costs to repair or replace returned warranty backlog units currently in-house plus estimated costs for future warranty returns that may be incurred against warranty covered products previously shipped as of the period end date. As of March 31, 2019 and September 30, 2018, the Company had warranty reserve balances of $91 thousand and $101 thousand, respectively. We believe we have made sufficient improvements to the production process to minimize the return rate on future shipments but we will continue to review and monitor the reserve balances related to our product lines against any existing warranty backlog and current trend data on an interim basis until the current warranty backlog is depleted.


    Three months ended     Six months ended  
    March 31, 2019     April 1, 2018     March 31, 2019     April 1, 2018  
Beginning balance   $ 73     $ 251     $ 101     $ 174  
Incurred costs for warranties satisfied during the period     (20 )     (263 )     (27 )     (263 )
Warranty Expenses:                                
Warranties reserved for new product shipped during the period(1)     23       50       52       112  
Change in estimate for pre-existing warranty liabilities (2)     15       84       (35 )     99  
 Warranty Expense (Gain) / Loss     38       134       17       211  
Ending balance   $ 91     $ 122     $ 91     $ 122  


(1) Warranty expenses accrued to cost of sales (based on current period shipments and historical warranty return rate).


(2) Changes in estimated warranty liabilities recognized in cost of sales associated with: the period end customer returned warranty backlog, or the actual costs of repaired/replaced warranty units which were shipped to the customer during the current period.

Use of Estimates

Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statement and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from the estimates.

Fair Value of Financial Instruments

Fair Value of Financial Instruments: Fair value estimates discussed herein are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management as of the financial statement presentation date.


The carrying value of cash and cash equivalents, accounts payable, accrued liabilities, are carried at, or approximate, fair value as of the reporting date because of their short-term nature. The credit facility is reported at fair value as it bears market rates of interest. Fair values for the Company’s warrant liabilities and derivatives are estimated by utilizing valuation models that consider current and expected stock prices, volatility, dividends, market interest rates, forward yield curves and discount rates. Such amounts and the recognition of such amounts are subject to significant estimates that may change in the future.


The fair value hierarchy prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques used to measure fair value and requires that assets and liabilities carried at fair value be classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:


Level 1: Quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.   

Level 2: Observable market-based inputs or unobservable inputs that are corroborated by market data.   

Level 3: Unobservable inputs reflecting the reporting entity’s own assumptions. 


The accounting guidance establishes a hierarchy which requires an entity to maximize the use of quoted market prices and minimize the use of unobservable inputs. An asset or liability’s level is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. Fair value estimates are reviewed at the origination date and again at each applicable measurement date and interim or annual financial reporting dates, as applicable for the financial instrument, and are based upon certain market assumptions and pertinent information available to management at those times.


Each of the measurements is considered a Level 3 measurement based on the availability of market data and inputs and the significance of any unobservable inputs as of the measurement date. The methods and significant inputs and assumptions utilized in estimating the fair value of the warrant liabilities, as well as the respective hierarchy designations are discussed further in Note 6 “Warrant Liabilities”.

Revenue Recognition

Revenue Recognition: As of fiscal year beginning on October 1, 2018, the Company has adopted FASB ASC 606—Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which is required for public business entities for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim reporting periods within that reporting period. The Company has selected a modified retrospective application of the standard for all periods presented as of the October 1, 2018 implementation date. The new revenue recognition standard requires revenue recognition based on a five-step model that includes: identifying the contract, identifying the performance obligations, determining the transaction price, allocating the transaction price and recognizing the revenue. The standard results in the recognition of revenue depicting the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount reflecting the expected consideration to be received from the customer for such goods and services, based on the satisfaction of performance obligations, occurring when the control of the goods or services transfer to the customer. The majority of the Company’s contracts and customer orders originate with fixed determinable unit prices for each deliverable quantity of goods defined by the customer order line item (performance obligation) and include the specific due date for the transfer of control and title of each of those deliverables to the customer at pre-established payment terms, which are generally within thirty to sixty days from the transfer of title and control. We have elected to account for shipping and handling costs as fulfillment costs after the customer obtains control of the goods. In addition, the company has one ongoing service contract which began in October 2017 which relates to optimized weapon system support (OWSS) and includes ongoing program maintenance, repairs and spare inventory support for the customer’s existing fleet units in service over a three year period. Revenue recognition for this program has been recorded by the Company, and compensated by the customer, at fixed monthly increments over time, consistent with the defined contract maintenance period.


For the six months ended March 31, 2019 and April 1, 2018, the adoption of the ASC 606 revenue standard had no material effect on the financial statement presentation. Optex Systems Holdings does not expect the adoption of the new revenue recognition standard to have a material effect on the financial statement presentation on a retrospective or prospective basis for the upcoming interim, annual and comparative periods covered through the current year end date September 29, 2019. The Company believes it’s previous recognition policy as related to the production contracts (“units of delivery”), and maintenance contract (“passage of time”), are consistent with the new revenue recognition standard defined within FASB ASC 606 which requires unique performance obligations be recognized upon satisfaction of the customers’ own performance obligation at the point in time when the control of goods is transferred to the customer, or over time as the customer benefits from provided maintenance and support services. The Company has on occasion, outside of the presented periods, received selective contract awards and modifications which included substantive milestone performance obligations, contract modifications, negotiated settlements and financing arrangements which could fall within the scope of the new revenue recognition guidance on reoccurrence, and as such, the Company has expanded their contract review process to ensure any new contract awards, changes, modifications, financing arrangements or potential negotiated settlements are recorded in compliance to the new standard guidance.


During the three and six months ended March 31, 2019 there was $5 and $289 respectively of revenue recognized during the period from customer deposit liabilities (deferred contract revenue), and $0 and $19 thousand respectively of customer deposits refunded to the customer on order cancellation. As of March 31, 2019 there is zero in customer deposit liabilities. As of the period ended September 30, and the six months ended March 31, 2019, there are no significant contract costs such as sales commissions or costs deferred.

Income Tax/Deferred Tax

Income Tax/Deferred Tax: As of March 31, 2019 Optex Systems, Inc. has a deferred tax asset valuation allowance of ($2.7) million against deferred tax assets of $2.7 million, as compared to a valuation allowance of ($2.9) million against deferred tax assets of $2.9 million as of September 30, 2018. The valuation allowance has been established due to historical losses resulting in a Net Operating Loss Carryforward for each of the fiscal years 2010 through 2017. During the six months ended March 31, 2019, our deferred tax assets and corresponding valuation account decreased by ($0.2) million related to the expiration of 34,980 unexercised stock options on December 8, 2018 with a deferred tax asset balance of $0.1 million, and current year tax adjustments for amortization expenses and an applied net operating loss carryforward of $0.1 million. We intend to continue maintaining a full valuation allowance on our deferred tax assets until there is sufficient evidence to support the reversal of all or some portion of these allowances.

Earnings per Share

Earnings per Share: Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing income available for common shareholders (the numerator) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding (the denominator) for the period. Diluted earnings per share reflect the potential dilution that could occur if securities or other contracts to issue common stock were exercised or converted into common stock.


The Company has potentially dilutive securities outstanding which include convertible preferred stock, unvested restricted stock units, stock options and warrants. In computing the dilutive effect of convertible preferred stock, the numerator is adjusted to add back any convertible preferred dividends and the denominator is increased to assume the conversion of the number of additional common shares. The Company uses the Treasury Stock Method to compute the dilutive effect of any dilutive shares. Convertible preferred stock, unvested restricted stock units, stock options and warrants that are anti-dilutive are excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per common share.


For the three months ended March 31, 2019, 4,260,785 warrants and 216,500 unvested restricted stock units, and 25,000 stock options were excluded from the earnings per share calculation as antidilutive due to the three month period loss. For six months ended March 31, 2019, 4,260,785 warrants (which convert to 376,890 incremental dilutive shares) and 216,500 unvested restricted stock units (which converts to 109,143 dilutive shares), were included in the diluted earnings per share calculation as dilutive, and 25,000 stock options were excluded from the earnings per share calculation as antidilutive as they were “out of the money” and not exercisable during the period. For the three and six months ended April 1, 2018, 78 preferred Series C shares (which converts to 325,000 common shares), and 33,000 unvested restricted stock units (which converts to 2,321 and 8,649 incremental dilutive shares for the three and six months, respectively) were included in the diluted earnings per share calculation and 66,000 unvested restricted stock units, 60,000 stock options and 4,125,200 warrants were excluded from the earnings per share calculation as they were antidilutive.


A significant number of our outstanding warrants and series C preferred shares are participating securities which share dividend distributions and the allocation of any undistributed earnings (deemed dividends) with our common shareholders. During the three and six months ended March 31, 2019, there were no declared dividends and allocated undistributed earnings of $0 and $348 thousand respectively attributable to the participating warrants. During the three and six months ended April 1, 2018, declared dividends of $88 and $178 thousand was attributable to participating warrants and series C shareholders and there was $820 thousand and $693 thousand in undistributed earnings attributable to participating securities during the respective periods.


The basic net income applicable to common shareholders for the three and six month periods ended April 1, 2018, previously reflected as $0.31 and $0.30 per share has been corrected to $0.20 and $0.20 per common share, respectively, to include the effect of the prior year period dividends distributed and deemed dividends to participating securities on the earnings per common share.  The dilutive net income applicable to common shareholders for the three and six month periods ended April 1, 2018, previously reflected as $0.30 and $0.29 per share has been corrected to $0.20 and $0.19 per common share, respectively, to include the effect of the prior year period dividends distributed and deemed dividends to participating securities on the earnings per common share.