Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2018
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The following is a summary of the significant accounting policies consistently applied in the preparation of the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Basis of Presentation
In the opinion of the Company's management, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the Company's audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2017, and include all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company's interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2018. The results for the three months ended March 31, 2018 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full 2018 year. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2017 has been derived from the Company's audited balance sheet included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on April 2, 2018 (the "2017 Form 10-K").
The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to SEC Form 10-Q and Article 10 of SEC Regulation S-X. They do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete audited financial statements. Therefore, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's 2017 Form 10-K.
These financial statements have been prepared on the basis of the Company having sufficient liquidity to fund its operations for at least the next twelve months from the issuance of these consolidated financial statements in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification Topic 205-40 (“ASC Topic 205-40”), Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern. The Company’s principal sources of liquidity have historically been its debt and equity issuances and its cash and cash equivalents (which cash and cash equivalents amounted to $168.9 million as of March 31, 2018, and $48.3 million as of December 31, 2017, respectively). The Company’s internal plans and forecasts indicate that it will have sufficient liquidity to continue to fund its business and operations for at least the next twelve months in accordance with ASC Topic 205-40.
The assessment by the Company’s management that the Company will have sufficient liquidity to continue as a going concern is based on its completion on March 27, 2018 of a second lien notes issuance (as discussed in Note 8. Financing Arrangements) which provided net cash proceeds of approximately $143.0 million and on underlying estimates and assumptions, including that the Company: (i) timely files its periodic reports with the SEC; (ii) services its indebtedness and complies with the covenants (including the financial-reporting covenants) in the agreements governing its indebtedness; and (iii) remains listed on The Nasdaq Stock Market (“Nasdaq”), including maintaining a minimum stock price pursuant to Nasdaq’s listing rules.
If the Company is unable to satisfy the covenants and obligations contained in its senior secured credit agreement dated January 6, 2017 (as amended, the “2017 Credit Agreement”) the securities purchase agreement governing its second lien notes due June 30, 2023 (the “Second Lien Notes”) or the indenture governing its 2.75% convertible senior notes due 2035 (the “convertible notes”), in each case, or obtain waivers thereunder (if needed), then the debtholders and noteholders could have the option to immediately accelerate the outstanding indebtedness, which the Company may not have the ability to repay. In addition, if the Company is unable to remain in compliance with Nasdaq’s listing requirements, then Nasdaq could determine to delist the Company’s common stock from Nasdaq, which would in turn constitute a “fundamental change” under the terms of the indenture governing the convertible notes. This would give the convertible noteholders the option to require the Company to repurchase all or a portion of their convertible notes at a repurchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount thereof. In this event, the Company may not have the ability to repurchase the tendered notes.
The events in the foregoing paragraph, if they occurred, could materially and adversely affect the Company’s operating results, financial condition, liquidity and the carrying value of the Company’s assets and liabilities. The Company intends to satisfy its current and future debt service obligations with its existing cash and cash equivalents. However, the Company may not have sufficient funds or may be unable to arrange for additional financing to pay the amounts due under its existing debt instruments in the event of an acceleration event or repurchase event (as applicable). In this event, funds from external sources may not be available on acceptable terms, if at all.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the condensed consolidated financial statements of the prior year and the accompanying notes to conform to the current year presentation. Effective January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force) and as a result we reclassified the presentation of our statement of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2017 to conform with the new restricted cash guidance. Refer to section Adoption of New Accounting Pronouncements below.
On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09” or “Topic 606”) and all related amendments and applied the concepts to all contracts which were not completed as of January 1, 2018 using the modified retrospective method, recognizing the cumulative effect of applying the new standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of accumulated deficit. Results for reporting periods beginning after January 1, 2018 are presented under Topic 606, while prior period amounts are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with our historical accounting policies.
We recorded a net reduction to an opening accumulated deficit of $0.9 million as of January 1, 2018 due to the cumulative impact of adopting Topic 606, with the impact primarily related to the capitalization of contract costs previously expensed and the recognition of deferred revenue as of December 31, 2017 through accumulated deficit relating to time-based software licenses offset by the deferral of revenues for usage based licenses that were previously recognized upfront. The impact to revenues for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 was a net decrease of $0.7 million and a net decrease in cost of goods sold of $0.4 million primarily relating to revenues in our Media & Content segment as a result of applying Topic 606.
The Company accounts for a contract with a customer when an approved contract exists, the rights of the parties are identified, payment terms are identified, the contract has commercial substance and the collectability of substantially all of the consideration is probable. Revenue is recognized as the Company satisfies performance obligations by transferring a promised good or service to a customer.
The Company’s revenue is principally derived from the following sources:
Media & Content
The Company curates and manages the licensing of content to the airline, maritime, and non-theatrical industries globally and provides associated services, such as technical services, delivery of digital media advertising, the encoding of video and music products, development of graphical interfaces and the provision of materials. Media & Content licensing and service revenue is principally generated through the sale or license of media content and the associated management services, video and audio programming, applications and video games to customers in the aviation, maritime and non-theatrical markets.
Aviation Services Revenue - Services revenue for Connectivity includes satellite-based Internet services and related technical and network operational support and management services and live television. The connectivity services provide airlines with the capability to provide its passengers’ wireless access to the Internet, which allows passengers to web-surf, email, text, and access live television. The connectivity experience also permits passengers to enjoy inflight entertainment, such as streaming for non-live television, and movies and video-on-demand, delivered through a web-based framework for an initial “landing page”. The revenue is recognized over time as control is transferred to the customer (i.e. the airline), which occurs continuously as customers receive the bandwidth/ connectivity services.
Aviation Equipment Revenue - Equipment revenue is recognized when control passes to the customer, which is at the later of shipment of the equipment to the customer or obtaining the Supplemental Type Certificates (“STC”), as applicable. In determining whether an arrangement exists, the Company ensures that a binding arrangement is in place, such as a purchase order or a fully executed customer-specific agreement. The Company generally believes the acceptance clauses in its contracts are perfunctory and will recognize revenue upon shipment provided that all other criteria have been met, including delivery of the STCs. In certain cases where the Company sells its equipment to an aviation customer on a stand-alone basis, it may charge a fee for obtaining STCs from the relevant aviation regulatory body, which permits the Company’s equipment to operate on certain model/type of aircraft. An STC is highly interrelated with the Connectivity services as it is often required for new equipment and/or for new types of aircrafts prior to the airlines installing the equipment. When an STC is required it would not be sold separately as it has no value to the customer without the equipment and vice versa. As such, in such circumstances, the Company does not consider an STC separate from the equipment. To the extent that the Company contracts to charge STC fees in equipment-only sales, the Company will record these fees as revenue at the later of shipment of the equipment to the customer or obtaining the STC, as applicable.
Maritime and Land Service Revenue - The Maritime business provides satellite telecommunications services (“connectivity services”) through the Company’s private network that utilizes very small aperture terminal (“VSAT”) satellite technology for cruise ships and ferries, commercial shipping companies, yachts, and offshore drilling platforms. The technology enables voice and data capabilities to customers with ocean-going vessels or ocean-based environments. For certain cruise ship customers, the Company also offers maritime live television services (“TV services”). The service offerings cover a wide range of end-to-end network service combinations for customers’ point-to-point and point-to-multipoint telecommunications needs. These offerings range from simple connections to customized private network solutions through a network that uses “multiple channel per carrier” or “single channel per carrier” technology with bandwidth satellite capacity and fiber optic infrastructure. The business also offers teleport services through its proprietary teleports located in Germany and the US. In conjunction with the Connectivity services, the Company also provides equipment as part of the service for which the Company retains ownership of the equipment throughout the term of the service. Revenue is recognized over time in accordance with the transfer of control, which is continuously as the customer receives the bandwidth/ connectivity services. Certain of the Company’s contracts involve a revenue sharing or reseller arrangement to distribute the connectivity services. The Company assesses these services under the principal versus agent criteria and determined that the Company acts in the role of an agent and accordingly records such revenues on a net basis.
Maritime and Land Installation Revenue - To service its marine and land-based customers, the Company operates a network of global field-support centers for installation and repair services. The Company has field support centers in several locations worldwide, several of which offer a spare parts inventory, a network operations center open 24/7, certified technicians, system integration and project management. These field centers provide third-party antenna and shipbased system integration, global installation support, and repair services. Revenue is recognized in accordance with the transfer of control, i.e., over-time as the installation services are provided based on labor hours incurred.
Maritime and Land Equipment Revenue - Equipment revenue is recognized when control passes to the customer, which is generally upon shipment or arrival/ acceptance at destination depending on the contractual arrangement with the customer. Maritime and land equipment is generally priced as a one-time upfront payment at its standalone selling prince (“SSP”).
Judgment is required to determine the SSP for each distinct performance obligation under contracts where the Company provides multiple deliverables. In instances where SSP is not directly observable, such as when the Company does not sell the product or service separately, the Company determines the SSP using information that may include adjusted market assessment approach, expected cost plus margin approach, or the residual approach. For the Media & Content business, management sets prices for each performance obligation using an adjusted market assessment approach when entering into contracts. Contract prices reflect the standalone selling price. As such, the Company uses the stated contract price for SSP allocation of the transaction price.
Topic 606 requires the Company to estimate variable consideration. Service Level Agreement (“SLA”) or service issue/outage credits that are considered variable consideration (i.e., customer credits) and require estimation including the use of historical credit levels. These credits have historically not been material in the context of the customer contracts for the Maritime & Land or Media & Content businesses.
Valuation of Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The Company performs valuations of assets acquired and liabilities assumed on each acquisition accounted for as a business combination, and allocates the purchase price of each acquired business to its respective net tangible and intangible assets and liabilities. Acquired intangible assets principally consist of technology, customer relationships, backlog and trademarks. Liabilities related to intangibles principally consist of unfavorable vendor contracts. The Company determines the appropriate useful life by performing an analysis of expected cash flows based on projected financial information of the acquired businesses. Intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives using the straight-line method, which approximates the pattern in which the majority of the economic benefits are expected to be consumed. Intangible liabilities are amortized into cost of sales ratably over their expected related revenue streams over their useful lives.
Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquired entity over the fair value of the acquired net assets. The Company does not amortize goodwill but evaluates it for impairment at the reporting unit level annually during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year (as of October 1 of that quarter) or when an event occurs or circumstances change that indicates the carrying value may not be recoverable. During the first quarter of 2017, the Company adopted ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Accounting for Goodwill Impairment. Under the then newly adopted guidance, the optional qualitative assessment, referred to as “Step 0”, and the first step of the quantitative assessment (“Step 1”) remained unchanged versus the prior accounting standard. However, the requirement under the prior standard to complete the second step (“Step 2”), which involved determining the implied fair value of goodwill and comparing it to the carrying amount of that goodwill to measure the impairment loss, was eliminated. As a result, Step 1 will be used to determine both the existence and amount of goodwill impairment. An impairment loss will be recognized for the amount by which the reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill in that reporting unit.
The Company periodically analyzes whether any indicators of impairment have occurred. As part of these periodic analyses, the Company compares its estimated fair value, as determined based on its stock price, to its net book value.
For the quarter ended March 31, 2017, the Company identified an event triggering a goodwill impairment assessment (a “triggering event”) due to a significant decline in the market capitalization of the Company. Accordingly, the Company assessed the fair value of its three reporting units as of March 31, 2017 and recorded a goodwill impairment charge of $78.0 million related to its Maritime & Land Connectivity reporting unit. This impairment was primarily due to lower than expected financial results of the reporting unit during the three months ended March 31, 2017 due to delays in new maritime installations, slower than originally estimated execution of EMC Acquisition-related synergies and other events that occurred in the first quarter of 2017. Given these indicators, the Company then determined that there was a higher degree of uncertainty in achieving its financial projections for this unit and as such, increased its discount rate, which reduced the fair value of the unit.
Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and the amounts that are reported in the income tax returns. Deferred taxes are evaluated for realization on a jurisdictional basis. The Company records valuation allowances to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. In making this assessment, management analyzes future taxable income, reversing temporary differences and ongoing tax planning strategies. Should a change in circumstances lead to a change in judgment about the realizability of deferred tax assets in future years, the Company will adjust related valuation allowances in the period that the change in circumstances occurs, along with a corresponding increase or charge to income.
The Company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities based on the technical merits of the Company’s position. The tax benefit recognized in the financial statements for a particular tax position is based on the largest benefit that is more likely than not to be realized. The amount of unrecognized tax benefits (UTBs) is adjusted as appropriate for changes in facts and circumstances, such as significant amendments to existing tax laws, new regulations or interpretations by the taxing authorities, new information obtained during a tax examination, or resolution of an examination. The Company recognizes both accrued interest and penalties associated with uncertain tax positions as a component of Income tax (benefit) expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
In December 2017, the United States enacted new U.S. federal tax legislation known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act significantly revises the U.S. corporate income tax regime by, among other things, lowering corporate income tax rates, implementing a territorial tax system and imposing a repatriation tax on deemed repatriated earnings of foreign subsidiaries.
The Tax Act also adds many new provisions including changes to bonus depreciation, the deduction for executive compensation and interest expense, a tax on global intangible low-taxed income (GILTI), the base erosion anti-abuse tax (BEAT) and a deduction for foreign-derived intangible income (FDII). Many of these provisions, including the tax on GILTI, the BEAT and the deduction for FDII do not apply to the Company until 2018. As such, the Company is continuing to assess the impact these provisions may have on the Company’s future earnings.
On December 22, 2017, Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 118 ("SAB 118") was issued to address the application of generally accepted accounting principles in situations when a registrant does not have the necessary information available, prepared, or analyzed (including computations) in reasonable detail to complete the accounting for certain income tax effects of the Tax Act.
In accordance with SAB118, we have estimated the impacts of the Tax Act using information known at this time, including an income tax benefit of $4.6 million in the year ended December 31, 2017 reflecting the revaluation of our net deferred tax liability based on a U.S. federal tax rate of 21 percent and no estimated tax impact related to the estimated repatriation toll charge of $18.5 million, fully offset by the current year net operating loss and corresponding release of valuation allowance. Our management is still evaluating the effects of the Tax Act provisions, and the assessment does not purport to disclose all change of the Tax Act that could have material positive or negative impacts on our current or future tax positions.
Fair Value Measurements
The accounting guidance for fair value establishes a framework for measuring fair value and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurement. The valuation hierarchy is based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date. The three levels are defined as follows:
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The assets and liabilities that are fair valued on a recurring basis are described below and contained in the following tables. In addition, on a non-recurring basis, the Company may be required to record other assets and liabilities at fair value. These non-recurring fair value adjustments involve the lower of carrying value or fair value accounting and write-downs resulting from impairment of assets.
The following tables summarize our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 31, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively (dollar values in thousands, other than per-share values):
Public SPAC Warrants. Through the quarter ended March 31, 2018, the fair value of the Company’s publicly-traded warrants (the “Public SPAC Warrants”) issued in the Company’s initial public offering in 2011 (which were recorded as derivative warrant liabilities) was determined by the Company using the quoted market prices for the Public SPAC Warrants traded over the counter. For the three months ended March 31, 2018 and 2017, due to the change in the fair value of these warrants, the Company recorded income of less than $0.1 million and $0.4 million, respectively. The Public SPAC Warrants expired on January 31, 2018 and are no longer exercisable. The change in value of these Public SPAC warrants is included in Change in fair value of derivatives in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.
The following table presents the fair value roll-forward reconciliation of Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at fair value basis for the three months ended March 31, 2018 (in thousands):
The following table shows the carrying amounts and the fair values of our long-term debt in the condensed consolidated financial statements at March 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, respectively (in thousands):
(+) This facility is a component of the 2017 Credit Agreement.
Adoption of New Accounting Pronouncements
On January 1, 2018, we adopted ASU 2014-09 and all related amendments and applied the concepts to all contracts using the modified retrospective method, recognizing the cumulative effect of applying the new standard as an adjustment to the opening balance of retained earnings. The 2017 comparative information has not been restated and continues to be reported under the accounting standards in effect for those prior periods. See Note. 3 Revenue.
In November 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-18, Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230): Restricted Cash (a consensus of the FASB Emerging Issues Task Force), which requires that a statement of cash flows explains the change during the period in cash, cash equivalents, and amounts generally described as restricted cash. Amounts generally described as restricted cash should be included with cash and cash equivalents when reconciling the beginning-of-period and end-of-period total amounts shown on the statement of cash flows. The standard is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption permitted. We adopted the standard effective January 1, 2018 and as a result we reclassified the presentation of our statement of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2017 for restricted cash balances. For the three months ended March 31, 2017, adopting the standard resulted in an increase to our beginning-of-period and end-of-period cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash of $18.0 million and $18.1 million in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows, respectively. In addition, removing the change in restricted cash from operating activities in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows resulted in a decrease of $0.1 million in our cash used in operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2017.
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-16, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory, which requires the recognition of income tax effects of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory when the transfer occurs. Prior GAAP standards prohibited the recognition of those tax effects until the asset had been sold to an outside party. We adopted the standard effective January 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15, Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments (“ASU 2016-15”), which amends Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 230, Statement of Cash Flows, the FASB’s standards for reporting cash flows in general-purpose financial statements. The amendments address the diversity in practice related to the classification of certain cash receipts and payments including contingent consideration payments made after a business combination and debt prepayment or debt extinguishment costs. ASU 2016-15 is effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within, beginning after December 15, 2017. We adopted the standard effective January 1, 2018. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”). This update will require lease assets and lease liabilities to be recognized on the balance sheet and disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 must be adopted using a modified retrospective transition, and provides for certain practical expedients. We have decided to adopt ASU 2016-02 effective in the first quarter of 2019. We are currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income to retained earnings for stranded effects resulting from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act. The ASU is effective for the Company beginning January 1, 2019, with early adoption permitted. We intend to adopt the ASU effective January 1, 2019. Management is currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our condensed consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef