Related Party Transactions
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2017
|Related Party Transactions [Abstract]|
|Related Party Transactions||
Related Party Transactions
Loan Agreement with Lumexis
On February 24, 2016, we entered into a loan agreement (the “Loan Agreement”) with Lumexis Corporation (“Lumexis”), a company that provided in-flight entertainment systems to airlines. Lumexis was at the time majority-owned by PAR Investment Partners, L.P. (“PAR”), which beneficially owned approximately 31.9% of our outstanding shares of common stock as of January 22, 2018. At the time we entered into the Loan Agreement, the Chair of our Board of Directors was also a Managing Partner of PAR and a member of Lumexis’s board of directors.
The Loan Agreement provided for extensions of credit by us to Lumexis of up to $5.0 million. Our Board of Directors considered the Loan Agreement under our policies and procedures regarding related person transactions, and determined that it was appropriate and in our best interests and our stockholders to enter into the Loan Agreement due to Lumexis’ position as an important supplier to flydubai (one of our connectivity customers) and to another airline that was a potential customer, and in light of Lumexis’s future business prospects. Our Board of Directors further determined that the parties’ relationships did not give rise to any material conflict of interest in entering into the Loan Agreement. Our Board Chair recused himself from discussions regarding the Loan Agreement and did not vote on whether we should enter into the transaction.
The Loan Agreement qualifies Lumexis as our variable interest entity. In accordance with ASC 810, Consolidation, we were not deemed to be the primary beneficiary of Lumexis because we did not hold any power over Lumexis’s activities that most significantly impacted its economic performance. Therefore, Lumexis was not subject to consolidation into our financial reporting. The maximum exposure to loss as a result of the Loan Agreement was the outstanding principal balance of the loan and any accrued interest thereon.
The borrowings under the Loan Agreement were evidenced by a senior secured promissory note (the “Note”) and bore interest at a per annum rate of 15%. The outstanding principal and accrued interest thereon were payable in full on December 31, 2016. As a result of information provided by Lumexis, in June 2016 as to the note’s collectability and Lumexis’s insolvency, our management impaired the value of Note during the three months ended June 30, 2016 and discontinued accruing interest receivable.
On December 5, 2016, we, Lumexis and PAR entered into a Partial Cancellation of Debt and Acceptance of Collateral, which provided a transfer of certain assets in the amount of $0.2 million to us in partial satisfaction of the Lumexis’ principal amount of the outstanding debt. On January 6, 2017, we—as the senior-most secured creditor of Lumexis—then foreclosed on substantially all of Lumexis’s remaining assets pursuant to a public foreclosure auction. Subsequent to June 30, 2017, during the third quarter of 2017, the Company entered into an arrangement with flydubai to sell to flydubai certain of the assets acquired on January 6, 2017. The arrangement resulted in a recovery of approximately $0.2 million during the three months ended September 30, 2017.
Due from WMS
In connection with the EMC Acquisition, the Company acquired a 49% equity interest in WMS. The Company accounts for its interest in WMS using the equity method and includes the Company’s share of WMS’s profits or losses in Income from equity method investments in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, sales to WMS (for the Company’s services provided to WMS for WMS’s onboard cellular equipment) were approximately $0.3 million and $0.7 million, respectively, under the terms of the WMS operating agreement and an associated master services agreement with WMS. These sales are included in Revenue in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, we had a balance due from WMS of $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively, included in Accounts receivable, net in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.
Due to Santander
Also in connection with the EMC Acquisition, the Company acquired a 49% equity interest in Santander. The Company accounts for its interest in Santander using the equity method and includes our share of Santander’s profits or losses in Income from equity method investments in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016 the Company owed Santander approximately $0.6 million and $0.8 million, respectively, included in Accounts payable and accrued liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets, for their teleport services and related network operations support services.
Transactions with TRIO Connect, LLC and its Affiliates
In July 2015, EMC divested its interest in TRIO Connect, LLC (“TRIO”), a joint venture formed to commercialize EMC’s ARABSAT Ka Band contract, such that TRIO became then owned by funds affiliated with ABRY Partners (a former EMC majority owner and one of our current significant stockholders), Abel Avellan (our former President and Chief Strategy Officer, who left the Company in April 2017) and other equity holders not affiliated with us. Global Eagle did not acquire the TRIO business as a part of the EMC Acquisition.
Prior to the EMC Acquisition, EMC and its subsidiaries had collectively made various loans to TRIO and its affiliated entities in an aggregate principal of approximately $5.7 million. Also, prior to the EMC Acquisition, STMEA (FZE), a wholly-owned subsidiary of TRIO, had made equipment sales and provided employee payroll services to EMC and its subsidiaries in an aggregate amount equal to approximately $4.9 million. After applying the trade payables against the outstanding loan amounts, TRIO and its affiliates collectively owed EMC and its subsidiaries approximately $0.8 million (as of July 2016). Due to the deterioration of TRIO’s financial condition, EMC determined the remaining balance was uncollectible and fully impaired the value of the loan receivable prior to the EMC Acquisition. The Company did not pay any consideration for the loan receivable in the EMC Acquisition, although the Company did assume the receivable in the EMC Acquisition. The Company believes that the receivable is now uncollectible, and as such expects to forgive it in full in the near future.
In addition, immediately following the EMC Acquisition, EMC’s employees in the UAE were managed and employed by TRIO’s UAE entity. Because EMC did not have its own entity in UAE at the time we acquired EMC, the Company (through EMC) entered into a transition services agreement with TRIO whereby TRIO would continue to employ the UAE employees for the Company’s benefit—and “second” them to the Company at cost—until the Company formed its own licensed UAE subsidiary. For the three-month period (July 2016 to October 2016) following the EMC Acquisition, the Company paid to TRIO approximately $0.6 million for payroll related services and expenses for the “seconded” employees. The Company did not pay any further amounts under the transition services agreement after October 2016.
Between October 2016 and August 2017, the Company made payments to TRIO totaling $0.4 million for equipment purchases and service fees in connection with various customer contracts. In September 2017, the Company made additional equipment purchases totaling $0.4 million for customer orders and for inventory purposes. All of these purchase transactions were on arms’-length pricing and terms.
Subscription Receivable with a Former Employee
A former employee is party to a Secured Promissory Note dated July 15, 2011, pursuant to which the former employee agreed to pay the Company (as successor to Row 44, Inc., which is a Company subsidiary) a principal sum of approximately $0.4 million, plus interest thereon at a rate of 6% per annum. The former employee granted the Company a security interest in shares of Row 44 held by him (which Row 44 shares were subsequently converted into 223,893 shares of the Company’s common stock) to secure his obligations to repay the loan. As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the balance of the note (with interest) was approximately $0.6 million, which is presented as a subscription receivable. We recognize interest income on the note when earned (using the simple interest method) but have not collected any interest payments since the origination of the note. Interest income recognized by the Company during the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 was not material. The Company makes ongoing assessments regarding the collectability of this note and the subscription receivable balance.
In August 2015, the Company acquired masFlight for approximately $10.3 million in cash and $9.3 million in contingent consideration. A former executive of masFlight (Joshua Marks) is now an executive officer of the Company. As a portion of the contingent consideration is subject to future employment of certain employees of masFlight, such contingent consideration is recorded as compensation expense subsequent to the acquisition date. During the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, we recognized compensation expense of less than $0.1 million relating to the masFlight contingent consideration. As of June 30, 2017, the remaining earn-out compensation liability was less than $0.1 million, the beneficiaries of which include Mr. Marks and other former masFlight equityholders. This compensation liability was terminated in August 2017 without any required payment by us relating thereto.
The entire disclosure for related party transactions. Examples of related party transactions include transactions between (a) a parent company and its subsidiary; (b) subsidiaries of a common parent; (c) and entity and its principal owners; and (d) affiliates.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef