Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies (Notes)
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2017
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The following is a summary of the significant accounting policies consistently applied in the preparation of the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying interim condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2017, the condensed consolidated statements of operations and the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive loss for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, and the condensed consolidated statement of stockholders' equity for the six months ended June 30, 2017, are unaudited.
In the opinion of the Company's management, the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the Company's audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2016, and include all adjustments, which include only normal recurring adjustments, necessary for the fair presentation of the Company's condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2017, its condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 and its condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016. The results for the three and six months ended June 30, 2017 are not necessarily indicative of the results expected for the full 2017 year. The consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2016 has been derived from the Company's audited financial statements included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") on November 17, 2017 (the "2016 Form 10-K").
The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to SEC Form 10-Q and Article 10 of SEC Regulation S-X. They do not include all of the information and footnotes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. Therefore, these financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company's 2016 Form 10-K.
These financial statements have been prepared on the basis of the Company having sufficient liquidity to fund its operations for at least the next twelve months from the issuance of these consolidated financial statements in accordance with the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification Topic 205-40 (“ASC Topic 205-40”), Presentation of Financial Statements—Going Concern. The Company’s principal sources of liquidity have historically been its debt and equity issuances and its cash and cash equivalents (which cash and cash equivalents amounted to $50.8 million, $66.6 million and $50.7 million as of December 31, 2017, June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively). The Company’s internal plans and forecasts indicate that it will have sufficient liquidity to continue to fund its business and operations for at least the next twelve months in accordance with ASC Topic 205-40.
The assessment by the Company’s management that the Company will have sufficient liquidity to continue as a going concern is based on underlying estimates and assumptions, including that the Company: (i) remains in compliance with SEC public-reporting rules and regulations; (ii) services its indebtedness and complies with the covenants (including the financial reporting covenants) in the agreements governing its indebtedness; and (iii) remains listed on The Nasdaq Stock Market (“Nasdaq”). Under the terms of its credit agreement (as modified) and waivers related thereto, the Company was required to furnish its Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, June 30 and September 30, 2017 to its lenders on or before January 31, 2018. In addition, under the terms of an extension that Nasdaq granted the Company, the Company was required to file these Quarterly Reports on or before January 31, 2018. Upon filing this Form 10-Q and the Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for the quarters ended March 31, 2017 and September 30, 2017, the Company regained compliance with its SEC periodic reporting obligations, met the requirements of its credit-agreement waivers, and has satisfied the terms of its Nasdaq extension, subject to Nasdaq confirmation of the same (which the Company expects to receive in the next several days following its filing of this Form 10-Q).
If the Company is unable to service its indebtedness or satisfy the covenants (including the financial reporting covenants) in the agreements governing its indebtedness (or obtain additional waivers (if needed)), then its lenders and noteholders have the option to immediately accelerate all outstanding indebtedness, which the Company may not have the ability to repay. The Company intends to satisfy its current debt service obligations with its existing cash and cash equivalents. However, the Company may not have sufficient funds or may be unable to arrange for additional financing to pay the future amounts due under its existing debt instruments in the event of an acceleration event or repurchase event (as applicable, in the event that the Company is delisted from Nasdaq in the future). In this event, funds from external sources may not be available on acceptable terms, if at all.
Certain reclassifications have been made to the consolidated financial statements of the prior year and the accompanying notes to conform to the current year presentation.
Principles of Consolidation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly-owned, majority-owned and controlled subsidiaries. Intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. The results of acquired businesses are included in the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements from the date of acquisition. Earnings or losses attributable to any non-controlling interests in a Company subsidiary are included in Net loss in the Unaudited Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations. Any investments in affiliates over which the Company has the ability to exert significant influence but does not control and with respect to which it is not the primary beneficiary are accounted for using the equity method. The Company has two such equity affiliates. See Note 7. Equity Method Investments. Investments in affiliates for which the Company has no ability to exert significant influence are accounted for using the cost method of accounting.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of the Company's consolidated financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements, and the reported amounts of revenue (allocated on the basis of the relative selling price of deliverables) and expenses during the reporting period. Significant items subject to such estimates and assumptions include revenue, allowance for doubtful accounts, the assigned value of acquired assets and assumed and contingent liabilities associated with business combinations, legal claims and other loss contingencies, valuation of media content library and equipment inventory, useful lives and impairment of property and equipment, intangible assets, goodwill and other assets, the fair value of the Company's equity-based compensation awards and convertible debt instruments, and deferred income tax assets and liabilities. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its estimates compared to historical experience and trends, which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying value of assets and liabilities.
The Company maintains letters of credit agreements with some of its customers that are secured by the Company’s cash for periods up to three years.
As of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, the Company had restricted cash of $1.0 million and $18.0 million, respectively. During the six months ended June 30, 2017, the Company released $17.1 million of cash from restrictions. Of this amount, $16.0 million was being held in an escrow account and related to EMC’s acquisition of Maritime Telecommunications Network (“MTN”) (which EMC consummated prior to the Company’s acquisition of EMC), of which $15.5 million was released to the former stockholders of MTN in June 2017 and the remaining $0.6 million was returned to the Company. The release of the funds to the former MTN stockholders has been classified as a significant non-cash investing activity in the Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flows. The remaining $1.1 million related to the release of letters of credit.
Equipment inventory, which is classified as finished goods, is comprised of individual equipment parts and assemblies. Subsequent to the Company’s adoption of ASU 2015-11, effective January 1, 2017, inventory is accounted for using the first-in, first-out method of accounting and is stated at the lower of cost or net realizable value. The Company provides inventory write-downs based on excess and obsolete inventories determined primarily by future demand forecasts. The write-down is measured as the difference between the cost of the inventory and net realizable value, based upon assumptions about future demand; and is charged to the provision for inventory, which is a component of cost of sales. At the point of the write-down recognition, a new, lower cost basis for that inventory is established, and subsequent changes in facts and circumstances do not result in the restoration or increase in that newly established cost basis.
The Company generally is not directly responsible for warranty costs related to equipment it sells to its customers. The vendors that supply each of the individual parts, which comprise the assemblies sold by the Company to customers, are generally responsible for the equipment warranty directly to the customer.
Property, Plant and Equipment, net
Property, plant and equipment is stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and impairment losses. Depreciation is recorded on a straight-line basis over the underlying asset’s useful life. The estimated useful life of technical and operating equipment is three to ten years. Leasehold improvements are amortized on the straight-line method over the shorter of the remaining lease term or estimated useful life of the asset. Buildings are depreciated on the straight-line method over 30 years. Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.
In 2013, the Company capitalized the costs of certain connectivity equipment (in which the Company retains legal title) installed on aircraft of a single customer to facilitate expanded services over a five-year use period. The Company is amortizing this equipment over its five-year useful life period.
The Company installs connectivity equipment under agreements entered into with customers. Under these agreements, generally, legal title of the equipment is transferred upon delivery but sales are not recognized for accounting purposes because the risks and rewards of ownership are not fully transferred due to the Company’s continuing involvement with the equipment, the term of the agreement with the customer and restrictions in the agreement regarding the customers’ use of the equipment. The assets are recorded as Property, plant and equipment, net, on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company begins depreciating the assets when they were ready for their intended use over the 7-15 year term of the agreement, which approximates the expected useful life of the equipment.
Valuation of Goodwill and Intangible Assets
The Company performs valuations of assets acquired and liabilities assumed on each acquisition accounted for as a business combination, and allocates the purchase price of each acquired business to its respective net tangible and intangible assets and liabilities. Acquired intangible assets principally consist of technology, customer relationships, backlog and trademarks. Liabilities related to intangibles principally consist of unfavorable vendor contracts. The Company determines the appropriate useful life by performing an analysis of expected cash flows based on projected financial information of the acquired businesses. Intangible assets are amortized over their estimated useful lives using the straight-line method, which approximates the pattern in which the majority of the economic benefits are expected to be consumed. Intangible liabilities are amortized into cost of sales ratably over their expected related revenue streams over their useful lives.
Goodwill represents the excess of the cost of an acquired entity over the fair value of the acquired net assets. The Company does not amortize goodwill but evaluates it for impairment at the reporting unit level annually during the fourth quarter of each fiscal year (as of October 1 of that quarter) or when an event occurs or circumstances change that indicates the carrying value may not be recoverable. During the first quarter of 2017, the Company adopted ASU 2017-04, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Accounting for Goodwill Impairment. Under the then newly adopted guidance, the optional qualitative assessment, referred to as “Step 0”, and the first step of the quantitative assessment (“Step 1”) remained unchanged versus the prior guidance. However, the requirement to complete the second step (“Step 2”), which involved determining the implied fair value of goodwill and comparing it to the carrying amount of that goodwill to measure the impairment loss, was eliminated. As a result, Step 1 will be used to determine both the existence and amount of goodwill impairment. An impairment loss will be recognized for the amount by which the reporting unit’s carrying amount exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the carrying amount of goodwill in that reporting unit.
The Company periodically analyzes whether any indicators of impairment have occurred. As part of these periodic analyses, the Company compares its estimated fair value, as determined based on its stock price, to its net book value. During the fourth quarter of 2016, due to a continuing significant decline in its stock price and other indicators of impairment that arose during the fourth quarter of 2016, the Company deemed it more appropriate to assess goodwill impairment as of December 31, 2016, rather than the historical testing date of October 1.
In conjunction with the events occurring in the fourth quarter of 2016, and for purposes of its annual impairment testing at December 31, 2016, the Company updated its long-term business plan, which was used as the basis for estimating the future cash flows of its reporting units. That plan considered then current economic conditions and trends, estimated future operating results, the Company’s views of growth rates and then-anticipated future economic and regulatory conditions.
The Company determined that the fair value of the Media & Content and Aviation Connectivity reporting units exceeded their carrying values, but that the fair value of the Maritime & Land Connectivity reporting unit was below its carrying value. Therefore, the Company conducted step two of the impairment test for the Maritime & Land Connectivity reporting unit and determined the carrying value of goodwill in the Maritime & Land Connectivity reporting unit exceeded its implied fair value, resulting in an impairment charge of $64.0 million. This was as a result of reduced financial projections for the Maritime & Land Connectivity reporting unit, due to, among other things: lower than expected actual financial results from this business due to margin compression resulting from competition in the Company’s cellular backhaul land business in Africa, resulting in diminished financial performance relative to its original expectations; delayed new deal executions and slower than anticipated installations and upgrades, also resulting in diminished financial performance relative to its original expectations; and operational challenges in integrating a legacy EMC acquiree in 2015 into this reporting unit, resulting in delayed acquisition synergies. Given the foregoing, the Company determined there was greater uncertainty in achieving its prior financial projections and so applied a higher discount rate for purposes of its goodwill impairment analysis. The higher discount rate negatively affected the fair value of the Maritime & Land Connectivity reporting unit. At December 31, 2016, the Company’s remaining amount of goodwill was $327.8 million, of which $146.4 million was associated with the Maritime & Land Connectivity reporting unit.
In addition, for the quarter ended March 31, 2017, the Company identified a triggering event due to a significant decline in the market capitalization of the Company. Accordingly, the Company assessed the fair value of its three reporting units as of March 31, 2017 and as a result the Company recorded an additional goodwill impairment charge of $78.0 million related to its Maritime & Land Connectivity reporting unit. This additional impairment was primarily due to lower than expected financial results of the reporting unit during the three months ended March 31, 2017 due to delays in new maritime installations, slower than originally estimated execution of EMC Acquisition-related synergies and other events that occurred in the first quarter of 2017. Given these indicators, the Company determined, at that time, that there was a higher degree of uncertainty in achieving its financial projections for this unit and as such, increased its discount rate, which reduced the fair value of the unit. Subsequent to this, no further impairment was recorded during the six months ended June 30, 2017.
Investments in Equity Affiliates
Wireless Maritime Services, LLC (“WMS”)
In connection with the EMC Acquisition, the Company acquired a 49% equity interest in WMS, which interest EMC owned at the time of the EMC Acquisition. The remaining 51% equity interest in WMS is owned by an unaffiliated U.S. company (the “WMS third-party investor”), which is the managing member of WMS and is responsible for its day-to-day management and operations. Certain matters, including determination of capital contributions and distributions and business plan revisions, require approval of WMS’s board of directors, which consists of five voting members, three of which are appointed by the WMS third-party investor and two of which are appointed by the Company. Profits and losses for any fiscal year are allocated between the Company and the WMS third-party investor in proportion to their respective ownership interests, after giving effect to any special allocations made pursuant to the WMS operating agreement. EMC’s carrying value of the investment in WMS was adjusted to fair value as a result of the EMC Acquisition. The excess of the fair value over the underlying equity in net assets of WMS is primarily comprised of amortizable intangible assets and nonamortizable goodwill. The Company’s carrying value in its investment in WMS was subsequently adjusted for contributions, distributions and net income (loss) attributable to WMS, including the amortization of the cost basis difference associated with the amortizable intangible assets.
Santander Teleport S.L. (“Santander”)
Also in connection with the EMC Acquisition, the Company acquired an equity interest in a teleport in Santander, Spain, which provides various telecommunication services, including teleport and terrestrial services. (EMC owned this interest at the time of the EMC Acquisition). The Company holds a 49% equity interest in Santander and the remaining 51% is held by an unaffiliated Spanish company (the “Santander third-party investor”). The Santander third-party investor is responsible for the day-to-day management and operations of Santander. Some matters—such as the determination of capital contributions, capital expenditures over budget and distributions—require approval of Santander’s board of directors, which consists of five voting members, three of which are appointed by the Santander third-party investor and two of which are appointed by the Company. Profits and losses for any fiscal year are allocated between the Company and the Santander third-party investor in proportion to their respective ownership interests. The carrying value of the Company’s investment in Santander approximated its fair value on the date the Company acquired EMC and was subsequently adjusted for contributions, distributions, and net income (loss) attributable to Santander.
On a periodic basis, the Company assesses whether there are any indicators that the value of its investments may be impaired, in accordance with FASB Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 323, Investment—Equity Method and Joint Ventures. When circumstances indicate there may have been a reduction in the value of an equity method investment, we evaluate the equity method investment and any advances made for impairment by estimating our ability to recover our investment from future expected cash flows. If we determine the loss in value is other than temporary, we recognize an impairment charge to reflect the equity investment and any advances made at fair value. We did not identify any such circumstances during the three or six months ended June 30, 2017.
Derivative Financial Instruments
The Company recognizes all of its derivative instruments as either assets or liabilities at fair value in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument depends upon whether the derivative has been formally designated as (and qualifies as part of) a hedging relationship under the applicable accounting standards and, further, on the type of hedging relationship. The Company’s derivatives that are not designated (and so do not qualify) as hedges are adjusted to fair value through current earnings.
The Company’s warrants issued in its initial public offering in 2011 to its non-sponsor shareholders (“Public SPAC Warrants”) and its contingently issuable shares issuable in partial consideration for its Sound-Recording Settlements (as described in Note 9. Commitments and Contingencies qualify as derivatives. These derivatives are not designated (and do not qualify) as hedges. As a result, the Company accounts for such derivatives as liability instruments that are fair valued at each reporting period. Changes in fair value of such derivatives are recognized in earnings.
Foreign Currency Translation
The Company translates the assets and liabilities of its non-U.S.-dollar-functional-currency subsidiaries into U.S. dollars using exchange rates in effect at the end of each period. Revenue and expenses for these subsidiaries are translated using rates that approximate those in effect during the period. Gains and losses from these translations are recognized in foreign currency translation included in Accumulated other comprehensive loss in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The Company’s subsidiaries that use the U.S. dollar as their functional currency re-measure monetary assets and liabilities at exchange rates in effect at the end of each period, and re-measure inventories, property and nonmonetary assets and liabilities at historical rates.
Deferred income tax assets and liabilities are recognized for temporary differences between the financial statement carrying amounts of assets and liabilities and the amounts that are reported in the income tax returns. Deferred taxes are evaluated for realization on a jurisdictional basis. The Company records valuation allowances to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is more likely than not to be realized. In making this assessment, management analyzes future taxable income, reversing temporary differences and ongoing tax planning strategies. Should a change in circumstances lead to a change in judgment about the realizability of deferred tax assets in future years, the Company will adjust related valuation allowances in the period that the change in circumstances occurs, along with a corresponding increase or charge to income.
The Company recognizes the tax benefit from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained upon examination by the taxing authorities based on the technical merits of the Company’s position. The tax benefit recognized in the financial statements for a particular tax position is based on the largest benefit that is more likely than not to be realized. The amount of unrecognized tax benefits (UTBs) is adjusted as appropriate for changes in facts and circumstances, such as significant amendments to existing tax laws, new regulations or interpretations by the taxing authorities, new information obtained during a tax examination, or resolution of an examination. The Company recognizes both accrued interest and penalties associated with uncertain tax positions as a component of Income tax (benefit) expense in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
In December 2017, the United States enacted new U.S. federal tax legislation known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (the “Tax Act”). The Tax Act significantly revises the U.S. corporate income tax regime by, among other things, lowering corporate income tax rates, implementing a territorial tax system and imposing a repatriation tax on deemed repatriated earnings of foreign subsidiaries.
We have performed preliminary analyses of the impacts of the Tax Act using information known or knowable at this time. Under these preliminary analyses, we estimate that we will record additional GAAP tax benefits in the fourth quarter of 2017 in a range of $5 million to $8 million related to a decrease in the valuation of our deferred tax liabilities. The impact of the Tax Act may however differ from our preliminary estimate due to, among other things, changes in interpretations and assumptions we have made, U.S. Internal Revenue Service and Treasury Department guidance that may be issued and actions we may take. Our management is still evaluating the effects of the Tax Act provisions, and this preliminary assessment above does not purport to disclose all changes of the Tax Act that could have material positive or negative impacts on our current or future tax position.
Fair Value Measurements
The accounting guidance for fair value establishes a framework for measuring fair value and establishes a three-level valuation hierarchy for disclosure of fair value measurement. The valuation hierarchy is based upon the transparency of inputs to the valuation of an asset or liability as of the measurement date. The three levels are defined as follows:
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The assets and liabilities that are fair valued on a recurring basis are described below and contained in the following tables. In addition, on a non-recurring basis, the Company may be required to record other assets and liabilities at fair value. These non-recurring fair value adjustments involve the lower of carrying value or fair value accounting and write-downs resulting from impairment of assets.
The following tables summarize our financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively (dollar values in thousands, other than per-share values):
Public SPAC Warrants. Through the quarter ended September 30, 2016, the fair value of the outstanding Public SPAC Warrants issued in the Company’s initial public offering in 2011 (which were recorded as derivative warrant liabilities) was determined by the Company using the quoted market prices for the Public SPAC Warrants traded over the counter. During the quarter ended December 31, 2016, the Company determined that there was a significant decrease in transaction volume and level of trading activity for the Public SPAC Warrants. As a result, the Company transferred the Public SPAC Warrants from Level 1 to Level 3 of the valuation hierarchy and determined the fair value using the Black-Scholes option pricing model at the end of the reporting period. For the three and six months ended June 30, 2017, due to the change in the fair value of these warrants, the Company recorded expense of $0.2 million and income of $0.2 million, respectively. The Public SPAC Warrants are included in Accounts Payable and Accrued Liabilities on the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. The change in value of these Public SPAC warrants is included in Change in fair value of derivatives in the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.
The following table presents the fair value roll-forward reconciliation of Level 3 assets and liabilities measured at fair value basis for the six months ended June 30, 2017 (in thousands):
The following table shows the carrying amounts and the fair values of our long-term debt in the condensed consolidated financial statements at June 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively (in thousands, except as stated in footnote 2 to the table below):
(*) In connection with the EMC Acquisition, the Company assumed legacy EMC credit-agreement indebtedness, including this facility. This legacy EMC indebtedness was subsequently replaced by the 2017 Credit Agreement (as described in Note 8. Financing Arrangements).
(+) This facility is a component of the 2017 Credit Agreement
Based on an assessment of its accounting policies and the underlying judgments and uncertainties affecting the application of those policies, the Company believes that its condensed consolidated financial statements fairly present in all material respects the financial position, results of operations and cash flows as of and for the periods presented in this Form 10-Q. However, this does not mean that other general risk factors, such as those discussed within our 2016 Form 10-K, as well as changes in its growth objectives or performance of operating segments, could not adversely impact its consolidated financial position, results of its operations and its cash flows in future periods.
Adoption of New Accounting Pronouncements
In January 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2017-04, Intangibles—Goodwill and Others (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, which eliminated Step 2 from the goodwill impairment test. Under these amendments, an entity should perform its annual, or interim, goodwill impairment test by comparing the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. An entity should recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value; however, the loss recognized should not exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit. This pronouncement is effective for the annual or any interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. Early adoption is permitted for any impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017 and we elected to early adopt this new guidance in the first quarter of 2017. During the three months ended March 31, 2017 we recorded an impairment of goodwill in the amount of $78.0 million related to our Maritime & Land reporting unit. See Note 5. Goodwill.
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-17, Consolidation (Topic 810): Interests Held through Related Parties That Are under Common Control which amended the consolidation guidance on how a reporting entity that is the single decision maker of a variable interest entity (“VIE”) should treat indirect interests in the entity held through related parties that are under common control with the reporting entity when determining whether it is the primary beneficiary of that VIE. This pronouncement is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted this guidance effective January 1, 2017. The adoption of this standard did not have an impact on our Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements.
In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-09, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 781), Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting (“ASU 2016-09”), which amends and simplifies the accounting for share-based payment awards in three areas; (1) income tax consequences, (2) classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and (3) classification on the statement of cash flows. ASU 2016-09 is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. We adopted this standard effective January 1, 2017. The adoption of this standard resulted in a cumulative-effect adjustment of $0.3 million to accumulated deficit and additional paid-in capital, which we recorded in our Q1 Form10-Q.
In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, Inventory (Topic 330): Simplifying the Measurement of Inventory (“ASU 2015-11”). ASU 2015-11 requires that inventory measured using any method other than last-in, first out (“LIFO”) or the retail inventory method to be subsequently measured at the lower of cost or net realizable value, rather than at the lower of cost or market value. Under this ASU, subsequent measurement of inventory using the LIFO and retail inventory method is unchanged. ASU 2015-11 is effective prospectively for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2016. We adopted this standard effective January 1, 2017. The adoption of this standard did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842) (“ASU 2016-02”). This update will require lease assets and lease liabilities to be recognized on the balance sheet and disclosure of key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 must be adopted using a modified retrospective transition, and provides for certain practical expedients. We have decided to adopt ASU 2016-02 effective in the first quarter of 2019. We are currently evaluating the impact of this standard on our consolidated financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606) (“ASU 2014-09”), which will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The core principle of the guidance is that an entity should recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which we expect to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. Further, the guidance requires improved disclosures to help users of financial statements better understand the nature, amount, timing and uncertainty of revenue that is recognized. The original effective date for ASU 2014-09 would have required us to adopt this standard beginning in the first quarter of 2017. In July 2015, the FASB voted to amend ASU 2014-09 by approving a one-year deferral of the effective date as well as providing the option to early adopt the standard on the original effective date.
Accordingly, the Company will adopt the standard effective the first quarter of 2018.
During 2017 we dedicated significant resources to the ASU 2014-09 transition project, including engaging third-party service providers to assist in the evaluation and implementation. We are currently analyzing representative contracts from each of our reportable segments and revenue streams. Based on our current assessment to date:
We are still assessing the impact of these, and other potential changes, to our consolidated financial statements. We expect the adoption to result in additional disclosures in our notes to the unaudited Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements. The Company intends to design and implement processes and internal controls related to the adoption of ASU 2014-09 prior to the filing of its Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ending March 31, 2018.
We expect to adopt the standard under the modified retrospective method with the cumulative effect of adoption being reflected as an adjustment to beginning retained earnings in the Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ending March 31, 2018.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
No definition available.