Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
Income Taxes

The Company’s interim income tax provision or benefit consists of U.S. federal and state income taxes based on the estimated annual effective rate that the Company expects for the full year together with the tax effect of discrete items. Each quarter the Company updates its estimate of the annual effective tax rate and records cumulative adjustments as necessary. As of March 31, 2019, the estimated annual effective tax rate for 2019 (exclusive of discrete items) is approximately 28.7% of projected pre-tax income. Our estimated annual tax expense consists of a provision for federal and state and local income taxes.

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $1,396 on pre-tax income of $4,828. The estimated annual effective tax rate is higher than the statutory rate of 21% related primarily to state and local taxes and certain non-deductible expenses including meals and entertainment and IRC §162(m).

For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $2,172 on a pre-tax income of $7,636.

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, we evaluate whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income in those periods in which temporary differences become deductible and/or net operating losses can be utilized. We assess all positive and negative evidence when determining the amount of the net deferred tax assets that are more likely than not to be realized. This evidence includes, but is not limited to, prior earnings history, scheduled reversal of taxable temporary differences, tax planning strategies and projected future taxable income. Significant weight is given to positive and negative evidence that is objectively verifiable. As of March 31, 2019, the Company concluded that its deferred tax assets were realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis with the exception of certain separate company state net operating losses.

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606. Upon adoption, the Company recorded a net deferred tax liability of $3,600 with an offset to retained earnings.