Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Income Taxes

Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2017
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
Income Taxes
Income Taxes

The Company’s interim income tax provision or benefit consists of U.S. federal and state income taxes based on the estimated annual effective rate that the Company expects for the full year together with the tax effect of discrete items. Each quarter the Company updates its estimate of the annual effective tax rate and records cumulative adjustments as necessary. As of March 31, 2017, the estimated annual effective tax rate for 2017 (exclusive of discrete items) is approximately 19% of projected pre-tax income. Our estimated annual tax expense consists of a deferred tax provision related to tax amortization of indefinite-lived intangibles including goodwill and a provision for state and local income taxes.

For the three months ended March 31, 2017, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $839 on a pre-tax loss of $4,518. Based on objective evidence including being in cumulative losses in recent years, the Company continues to maintain a valuation allowance against its net deferred tax assets as of March 31, 2017.

For the three months ended March 31, 2016, the Company recorded an income tax benefit of $8,769 on pre-tax loss of $6,385. The effective tax rate differs from the federal statutory income tax rate for the 2016 period due to nondeductible expenses and state and local income taxes.

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, we evaluate whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income in those periods in which temporary differences become deductible and/or net operating losses can be utilized. We assess all positive and negative evidence when determining the amount of the net deferred tax assets that are more likely than not to be realized. This evidence includes, but is not limited to, prior earnings history, scheduled reversal of taxable temporary differences, tax planning strategies and projected future taxable income. Significant weight is given to positive and negative evidence that is objectively verifiable.

Based on these factors, we established a full valuation allowance against our deferred tax assets as of June 30, 2016. In recording the valuation allowance, deferred tax liabilities associated with indefinite lived intangible assets, such as tax deductible goodwill, generally cannot be used as a source of income to realize deferred tax assets with a finite loss carryforward period, as such liabilities would only reverse on impairment or sale of the related asset which events are not anticipated. The Company does not amortize goodwill for financial reporting purposes but has amortized goodwill with tax basis for tax purposes.