SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2022
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
PRINCIPLES OF CONSOLIDATION
The accompanying consolidated financial statements contain the consolidated accounts of Cleartronic, Inc. and its subsidiary, ReadyOp Communications, Inc. All material intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated.
USE OF ESTIMATES
In preparing the financial statements, management is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities as of the date of the balance sheet and operations for the reporting period.
Although these estimates are based on management's knowledge of current events and actions it may undertake in the future, they may ultimately differ from actual results.
Significant estimates include the assumptions used in valuation of deferred tax assets, estimated useful life of property and equipment, valuation of inventory and allowance for doubtful accounts.
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
For financial statement purposes, the Company considers all highly liquid investments purchased with original maturities of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company did not own any cash equivalents on September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021.
The Company provides an allowance for uncollectible accounts based upon a periodic review and analysis of outstanding accounts receivable balances. Uncollectible receivables are charged to the allowance when deemed uncollectible. Recoveries of accounts previously written off are used to credit the allowance account in the periods in which the recoveries are made. When a client is invoiced, the amount is recorded as an asset in Accounts Receivable and as Deferred Revenue in Current Liabilities. When payment is received the amount is moved to Cash on the balance sheet and Accounts Receivables are reduced. The amount listed as Deferred Revenue is amortized monthly over the license period.
The Company provided $18,000 and $10,000 allowances for doubtful accounts as of September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively.
PREPAID EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT ASSETS
Prepaid expenses and other current assets consist primarily of deferred subscriber costs and prepaid expenses. Deferred subscriber costs totaling $38,250 and $41,283 at September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Prepaid expenses totaling $15,361 and $6,100 at September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively are primarily for insurance and other items
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT
Property and equipment are recorded at cost and depreciated or amortized using the straight-line method over the estimated useful life of the asset or the underlying lease term for leasehold improvements, whichever is shorter or when the property and equipment is put into service.
CONCENTRATION OF CREDIT RISK
The Company currently maintains cash balances at one FDIC-insured banking institution. Deposits held in non interest-bearing transaction accounts are insured up to a maximum of $250,000 at all FDIC-insured institutions. As of September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, the Company had $208,135 and $139,577, respectively, in excess of FDIC insurance limits.
RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT COSTS
The Company expenses research and development costs as incurred.
For the years ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, the Company had $204,918 and $167,661 respectively, in research and development costs.
REVENUE RECOGNITION AND DEFERRED REVENUES
The Company revenue recognition policy follows guidance from Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) 606, Revenue from contract with customers. Revenue is recognized when the Company has transferred promised goods and services to the customer and in the amount that reflects the consideration to which the company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods and services. The Company applies the following five-step model in order to determine this amount:
i. Identification of Contact with a customer;
ii. Identify the performance obligation of the contract
iii. Determine transaction price;
iv. Allocation of the transaction price to the performance obligations; and
v. Recognition of revenue when (or as) the Company satisfies each performance obligation.
The Company generates revenue primarily through the sale of integrated hardware and software licenses. The portion of the contract that is associated with ongoing hosting and related customer service is amortized monthly over the license period. The Company incurs certain incremental contract costs (referred to as deferred subscriber acquisition costs, net) including selling expenses (primarily commissions) related to acquiring customers. Deferred subscriber acquisition costs, net are included in prepaid and expenses and other current assets on the consolidated balance sheet. Commissions paid in connection with acquiring new customers are determined based on the value of the contractual fees. Deferred subscriber acquisition costs will be expensed as incurred on the date the revenue associated with the cost is recognized. As of September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively, the Company recorded $38,250 and $41,283, respectively, in deferred subscriber costs, which are included as a component of prepaid expense.
In transactions in which hardware is sold to a customer, the Company recognizes the revenue when the hardware has been shipped to the customer. The hardware supplied by the Company does not require a related software license and can be operated and fully functional without the Company's software.
From time to time clients request special training meetings. We send employees to these meeting and charge our clients on a per diem basis. These charges are recorded as consulting fees on our income statement.
The Company allocates the transaction price to each performance obligation based on a relative stand alone selling price. Revenue associated with the sale and installation of system licenses is recognized once installation is complete.
Customer billings for services not yet rendered are deferred and recognized as revenue as services are provided. These fees are recorded as current deferred revenue on the consolidated balance sheet as the Company expects to satisfy any remaining performance obligations as well as recognize the related revenue within the next twelve months. Accordingly, the Company has applied the practical expedient regarding deferred revenue to exclude the value of remaining performance obligations if (i) the contract has an original expected term of one year or less or (ii) the Company recognizes revenue in proportion to the amount it has the right to invoice for services performed. As of September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively, the Company recorded $1,125,511 and $1,131,796, respectively, in deferred revenue.
The following table sets forth the approximate net sales by primary category:
The following table provides a summary of the changes included in deferred revenue during the years ended September 30, 2022 and 2021:
EARNINGS PER SHARE
Earnings per share ("EPS") are the amount of earnings attributable to each share of common stock. For convenience, the term is used to refer to either earnings or loss per share. EPS is computed pursuant to section 260-10-45 of the FASB Accounting Standards Codification. Pursuant to ASC Paragraphs 260-10-45-10 through 260-10-45-16, basic EPS shall be computed by dividing income available to common stockholders (the numerator) by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding (the denominator) during the period. Income available to common stockholders shall be computed by adding both the dividends declared in the period on preferred stock (whether or not paid) and the dividends accumulated for the period on cumulative preferred stock (whether or not earned) from income from continuing operations (if that amount appears in the income statement) and also from net income. The computation of diluted EPS is similar to the computation of basic EPS except that the denominator is increased to include the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the dilutive potential common shares had been issued during the period to reflect the potential dilution that could occur from common shares issuable through contingent shares issuance arrangement, stock options or warrants.
Pursuant to ASC Paragraphs 260-10-45-45-21 through 260-10-45-45-23 Diluted EPS shall be based on the most advantageous conversion rate or exercise price from the standpoint of the security holder. The dilutive effect of outstanding call options and warrants (and their equivalents) issued by the reporting entity shall be reflected in diluted EPS by application of the treasury stock method unless the provisions of paragraphs 260-10-45-35 through 45-36 and 260-10-55-8 through 55-11 require that another method be applied. Equivalents of options and warrants include non-vested stock granted to employees, stock purchase contracts, and partially paid stock subscriptions (see paragraph 260–10–55–23). Anti-dilutive contracts, such as purchased put options and purchased call options, shall be excluded from diluted EPS. Under the treasury stock method: a. Exercise of options and warrants shall be assumed at the beginning of the period (or at time of issuance, if later) and common shares shall be assumed to be issued. b. The proceeds from exercise shall be assumed to be used to purchase common stock at the average market price during the period. (See paragraphs 260-10-45-29 and 260-10-55-4 through 55-5.) c. The incremental shares (the difference between the number of shares assumed issued and the number of shares assumed purchased) shall be included in the denominator of the diluted EPS computation.
As of September 30, 2022 and 2021, we had no options and warrants outstanding.
As of September 30, 2022 and 2021, we had 512,996 shares of Series A Convertible Preferred stock outstanding, which are convertible into 51,299,600 shares of common stock.
As of September 30, 2022 and 2021, we had 3,341,503 and 3,911,715 shares of Series C Convertible Preferred stock outstanding, respectively, which are convertible into 16,707,515 and 19,558,575 shares of common stock, respectively.
As of September 30, 2022 and 2021, we had 670,904 shares of Series D Preferred stock outstanding which are convertible into 3,354,520 shares of common stock..
As of September 30, 2022 and 2021, we had 3,000,000 shares of Series E Convertible Preferred stock outstanding which are convertible into 300,000,000 shares of common stock.
The table below details the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share ("EPS") for the years ended September 30, 2022 and 2021:
The following table sets for the computation of diluted earnings per share:
FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The Company measures the fair value of its assets and liabilities under ASC topic 820, "Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures". ASC 820 defines "fair value" as the price that would be received for an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. There was no impact relating to the adoption of ASC 820 to the Company's consolidated financial statements.
ASC 820 also describes three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value:
- Level 1: Observable inputs that reflect unadjusted quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities traded in active markets.
- Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly.
- Level 3: Inputs that are generally observable. These inputs may be used with internally developed methodologies that result in management's best estimate of fair value.
Financial instruments consist principally of cash, accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, accrued expenses and deferred revenue. The carrying amounts of such financial instruments in the accompanying consolidated balance sheet approximate their fair values due to their relatively short-term nature. The carrying amounts approximate fair value. It is management's opinion that the Company is not exposed to any significant currency or credit risks arising from these financial instruments.
Inventory consists of components held for assembly and finished goods held for resale or to be utilized for installation in projects. Inventory is valued at lower of cost or net realizable value on a first-in, first-out basis. The Company's policy is to record a reserve for technological obsolescence or slow-moving inventory items. The Company only carries finished goods to be shipped along with completed circuit boards and parts necessary for final assembly of finished product. All existing inventory is considered current and usable. The Company recorded no reserve for obsolete inventory as of September 30, 2022 and September 30, 2021, respectively.
At September 30, 2022 inventory was $21,097 of raw materials and $0 of finished goods.
At September 30, 2021, inventory was $12,593 of raw materials and $2,060 of finished goods.
Advertising costs are expensed as incurred. The Company had advertising costs of $51,318 and $20,280 during the years ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
All newly issued accounting pronouncements but not yet effective have been deemed either immaterial or not applicable.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef