|3 Months Ended|
Dec. 30, 2018
|Warrant Liabilities [Abstract]|
Note 6-Warrant Liabilities
On August 26, 2016, Optex Systems Holdings, Inc. issued 4,323,135 warrants to new shareholders and the underwriter, in connection with a public share offering. The warrants entitle the holder to purchase one share of our common stock at an exercise price equal to $1.50 per share at any time on or after August 26, 2016 (the “Initial Exercise Date”) and on or prior to the close of business on August 26, 2021 (the “Termination Date”). The Company determined that these warrants are free standing financial instruments that are legally detachable and separately exercisable from the common stock included in the public share offering. Management also determined that the warrants are puttable for cash upon a fundamental transaction at the option of the holder and as such required classification as a liability pursuant to ASC 480 “Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity”. The Company has no plans to consummate a fundamental transaction and does not believe a fundamental transaction is likely to occur during the remaining term of the outstanding warrants. In accordance with the accounting guidance, the outstanding warrants are recognized as a warrant liability on the balance sheet and are measured at their inception date fair value and subsequently re-measured at each reporting period with changes being recorded as a component of other income in the statements of operations.
On April 1, 2018 the company reviewed the valuation technique and inputs used to determine the fair value of the outstanding warrants. For each of the prior period measurement dates through period ended December 31, 2017, the Company engaged an outside valuation company to calculate the fair value of warrants based on both the binomial lattice model (“Binomial”) and the Black Scholes-Merton option pricing model (“BSM”). For each of the periods previously presented through period ended December 31, 2017, the Company disclosed the valuation technique as binomial, although the two models yielded comparable results with minimal or no variation in the fair value calculation of the warrants at each of the respective measurement dates. As the BSM model yielded similar results with the Binomial model and can be completed with in-house expertise at a lower cost, effective as of April 1, 2018, the Company determined the BSM model will be used exclusively to value the outstanding warrants throughout the remaining term of the warrants.
Further, the Company reviewed the model volatility rate input by comparing the historical volatility of the traded common stock (OPXS) against similarly traded equities over the same time period, the historical volatility of the Optex common stock subsequent to the August 26, 2016 public offering as compared to the volatility rate during the period which preceded the public offering, and the implied volatility based on the Optex warrant shares traded on the over-the-counter market (“OTC”) under ticker OPXXW. Based on the review, the Company believes the historical 2.7 year volatility rate on the common shares, based on the remaining term of the warrants, includes periods of significantly lower trading volume that precedes the public offering and which is not representative of the expected volatility over their remaining life. Recent trend information indicates the increase in common share float subsequent to the public offering combined with the concurrent preferred share conversions have significantly increased the frequency of trades and the average daily volume levels minimizing the volatility fluctuations which had previously existed on the common shares prior to the capitalization change. In addition, a substantially lower implied volatility on the warrants based on the available OTC market data, indicate that current market participants have assumed a future volatility comparable to the most recent experience rate. Accordingly, the current period BSM model fair value measurement assumes the adjusted 2.4 year historical volatility input rate of 62.95% and values the warrants within the range of trading prices during the most recent quarter end date.
The fair value of the warrant liabilities presented below were measured using either a BSM (subsequent to December 31, 2017) Binomial (through December 31, 2017) or valuation model. Significant inputs into the respective model at the inception and reporting period measurement dates are as follows:
(1) Based on the terms provided in the warrant agreement to purchase common stock of Optex Systems Holdings, Inc. dated August 26, 2016.
(2) Based on the trading value of common stock of Optex Systems Holdings, Inc. as of August 26, 2016 and each presented period ended date.
(3) Interest rate for U.S. Treasury Bonds, as of August 26, 2016 and each presented period ended date, as published by the U.S. Federal Reserve.
(4) Based on the historical daily volatility of Optex Systems Holdings, Inc. for the term of the warrants as of August 26, 2016 and each presented period ended date through April 1, 2018. The original fair value calculations were derived using the Binomial model, however, the yielded results were consistent with fair market valuation using the Black Scholes Merton Option Pricing model for each of the respective periods.
(5) Based on the historical daily volatility of Optex Systems Holdings, Inc. from the consummation of the public raise on August 26, 2016 through the current presented measurement date. The company determined that the historical volatility prior to the August 26, 2016 public offering was not representative of the current market expectations due to the significant change in company capital structure and increase in public float shares (liquidity) arising from the common stock issued during the public offering and concurrent conversions of outstanding preferred shares into common stock. The fair value calculation was derived using the Black Scholes Merton Option Pricing model.
The warrants outstanding and fair values at each of the respective valuation dates are summarized below:
During the three months ended December 30, 2018 or December 31, 2017, none of the warrants were exercised. During the three months ended December 30, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the Company recognized a ($1.4) million gain and a $344 thousand loss on the change in fair value of warrants, respectively.
The warrant liabilities are considered Level 3 liabilities on the fair value hierarchy as the determination of fair value includes various assumptions about future activities and the Company’s stock prices and historical volatility as inputs.