BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2013
|BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES [Abstract]|
|BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Cash and Cash Equivalents
All highly liquid investments purchased with maturity of three months or less from the time of purchase are considered to be cash equivalents.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.
The costs of obtaining license agreements along with the costs to defend the patents underlying the license agreements are capitalized and amortized using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the underlying license agreements. The costs of obtaining and maintaining new patents are capitalized and amortized using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the patents. The cost of patents in process is not amortized until the patent is issued.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment are stated at cost. Depreciation on property and equipment is computed using the straight-line method over the expected useful lives of the assets.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
Accounts receivable as of June 30, 2013 represents amounts due from its customers and is reported on the balance sheet reduced by writing off receivables not considered to be collectible. The allowance for doubtful accounts at June 30, 2013 and June 30, 2012 was $0 and $200,000 respectively.
Research and Development Costs
Research and development costs are expensed as incurred.
Earnings Per Share
Basic net loss per common share is computed by dividing net loss applicable to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted net loss per common share is determined using the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period, adjusted for the dilutive effect of common stock equivalents, consisting of shares that might be issued upon exercise of common stock options and warrants. For the periods ended June 30, 2013 and 2012, 16,697,440 and 15,874,774 diluted common stock equivalents, respectively, have been excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings per share, as their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company adopted FASB ASC 820, Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures, which defines fair value, establishes guidelines for measuring fair value and expands disclosures regarding fair value measurements. This new accounting standard does not require any new fair value measurements, but rather eliminates inconsistencies in guidance found in various other accounting pronouncements.
This accounting standard establishes a hierarchy for information and valuations used in measuring fair value, which is broken down into three levels. Level 1 valuations are based on quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities. Level 2 valuations are based on inputs, other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly. Level 3 valuations are based on information that is unobservable and significant to the overall fair value measurement.
The Company also adopted FASB ASC 825, Financial Instruments, which allows companies to choose to measure eligible financial instruments and certain other items at fair value that are not required to be measured at fair value. The Company has not elected the fair value option for any eligible financial instruments.
Under the agreement for product development, manufacturing and distribution (the "Agreement") with BASF, the Company shares proportionately on the net sales and related expenses in accordance with the terms of the Agreement. The Company recognizes revenue of its royalties from the sale of products by BASF when persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the sales price is fixed or determinable, and collection is probable.
The Company recognizes royalty fee income based on the net sales of products by our licensees in accordance with the terms of the license agreements.
The Company recognizes revenue of its research and development service including the small business innovation research program and the US Army medical research program based on the research work performed in accordance with the program requirements or statements of work for the joint development agreements.
The Company also recognizes revenue from the non-refundable exclusivity license fee derived from its licensees on a pro rata basis over the term of the related exclusive license agreements. Further, the Company recognizes the exclusive option fee as revenue on a pro rata basis over the term of the related exclusive option agreement
The amount of unearned revenue represents the exclusive option fee, the license fee, and advance royalty fee yet to be earned on a pro rata basis over the exclusive option period of the related option and license agreements.
The Company records share-based payment awards at fair value on the grant date of the awards, based on the estimated number of awards that are expected to vest. The fair value of stock options was determined using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. The fair value of the restricted stock awards was based on the closing price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant.
Concentration of credit risk of financial instruments
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to credit risk consist of cash equivalents and accounts receivable. As of June 30, 2013 and 2012, the Company's cash levels did not exceed the federally insured limit. Beginning December 31, 2010 through December 31, 2012, the Company's bank accounts were fully insured, regardless of the balance of the account at the FDIC-insured institutions as the noninterest-bearing transaction accounts as provided by the section 343 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The credit risk of the accounts receivable is considered limited given the customers' credit rating.
The provision for income taxes is computed using the asset and liability method, under which deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities, and for operating losses and tax credit carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the currently enacted tax rates that apply to taxable income in effect for the years in which those tax assets are expected to be realized or settled. The Company records a valuation allowance to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount that is believed more likely than not to be realized.
Certain reclassifications have made to the prior year financial statements in order for them to be in conformity with the current year's presentation.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
In July 2012, the FASB issued ASU No. 2012-02, Intangibles—Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Testing Indefinite-Lived Intangible Assets for Impairment. This standard, which amends the guidance on testing indefinite-lived intangible assets, other than goodwill, for impairment, provides companies with the option to first perform a qualitative assessment before performing the two-step quantitative impairment test. If the company determines, on the basis of qualitative factors, that the fair value of the indefinite-lived intangible asset is more likely than not to exceed its carrying amount, then the company would not need to perform the two-step quantitative impairment test. This standard does not revise the requirement to test indefinite-lived intangible assets annually for impairment. This standard becomes effective for annual and interim impairment tests performance for fiscal years beginning after September 15, 2012, with early adoption allowed. When impairment of assets exists, the carrying amount of the long-lived asset is reduced to its estimated fair value, less any costs associated with the final settlement.
The entire disclosure for the organization, consolidation and basis of presentation of financial statements disclosure, and significant accounting policies of the reporting entity. May be provided in more than one note to the financial statements, as long as users are provided with an understanding of (1) the significant judgments and assumptions made by an enterprise in determining whether it must consolidate a VIE and/or disclose information about its involvement with a VIE, (2) the nature of restrictions on a consolidated VIE's assets reported by an enterprise in its statement of financial position, including the carrying amounts of such assets, (3) the nature of, and changes in, the risks associated with an enterprise's involvement with the VIE, and (4) how an enterprise's involvement with the VIE affects the enterprise's financial position, financial performance, and cash flows. Describes procedure if disclosures are provided in more than one note to the financial statements.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef