UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

[X] QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2019

OR

[ ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d)
OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _____ to ______

Commission File Number 001-15799

Ladenburg Thalmann Financial Services Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Florida
65-0701248
(State or other jurisdiction of
(I.R.S. Employer
incorporation or organization)
Identification Number)
 
 
4400 Biscayne Boulevard, 12th Floor
 
Miami, Florida
33137
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(305) 572-4100
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                 Yes  X    No       

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes__X__ No___

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
[ ]
 
 
Accelerated filer
[x]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
[ ]
 
 
Smaller reporting company
[ ]
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company
[ ]
 




If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
 ___

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes  ___ No  X 
    
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:    

Title of each class
Trading Symbol(s)
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.0001 per share
LTS
NYSE American
8.00% Series A Cumulative Redeemable Preferred Stock, Liquidation Preference $25.00 per share
LTS PrA
NYSE American
6.50% Senior Notes due 2027
LTSL
NYSE American
7% Senior Notes due 2028
LTSF
NYSE American
7.25% Senior Notes due 2028
LTSK
NYSE American

As of May 3, 2019 there were 148,698,613 shares of the registrant's common stock outstanding.




   

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2019

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 
 
Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
PART  II. OTHER INFORMATION
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 






PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION
(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
 
March 31, 2019 
 (Unaudited)
 
December 31, 2018
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
167,847

 
$
182,693

Securities owned, at fair value
7,967

 
10,923

Receivables from clearing brokers
42,059

 
24,068

Receivables from other broker-dealers
4,143

 
7,078

Notes receivable from financial advisors, net
5,343

 
5,809

Other receivables, net
136,144

 
133,242

Fixed assets, net
30,815

 
29,994

Right-of-use assets
34,715

 

Restricted cash
770

 
6,588

Intangible assets, net
69,442

 
73,064

Goodwill
126,079

 
126,079

Contract acquisition costs, net
83,784

 
80,726

Cash surrender value of life insurance
13,059

 
11,406

Income taxes receivable
473

 
2,156

Other assets
38,643

 
47,078

      Total assets
$
761,283

 
$
740,904



 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES:
 
 
 
Securities sold, but not yet purchased, at fair value
$
5,097

 
$
2,575

Accrued compensation
18,743

 
39,264

Commissions and fees payable
105,121

 
105,306

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
42,166

 
48,741

Deferred rent

 
2,956

Lease liabilities
37,713

 

Deferred income taxes
13,763

 
14,068

Deferred compensation liability
21,914

 
20,622

Accrued interest
1,507

 
123

Notes payable, net of unamortized discount of $6,209 and $6,372 in 2019 and 2018, respectively and net of debt issuance costs of $6,801 and $7,086 in 2019 and 2018, respectively.
261,237

 
254,072

      Total liabilities
507,261

 
487,727

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies (Note 10)


 


SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, $.0001 par value; authorized 50,000,000 shares: 8% Series A cumulative redeemable preferred stock; designated 23,844,916 shares in 2019 and 2018; shares issued and outstanding 17,299,305 in 2019 and 17,012,075 in 2018 (liquidation preference $432,483 and $425,302 in 2019 and 2018, respectively)
2

 
2

Common stock, $.0001 par value; authorized 1,000,000,000 shares in 2019 and 2018; shares issued and outstanding, 148,746,413 in 2019 and 146,535,796 in 2018
15

 
14

   Additional paid-in capital
341,768

 
344,356

   Accumulated deficit
(87,815
)
 
(91,246
)
 
 
 
 
      Total shareholders’ equity of the Company
253,970

 
253,126

 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interest
52

 
51

 
 
 
 
      Total shareholders' equity
254,022

 
253,177

 
 
 
 
      Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
$
761,283

 
$
740,904

See accompanying notes.

1




LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
 
March 31,
 
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
Commissions
 
$
166,929

 
$
163,286

 
Advisory fees
 
113,908

 
114,383

 
Investment banking
 
9,829

 
16,490

 
Principal transactions
 
928

 
167

 
Interest and dividends
 
1,216

 
787

 
Service fees
 
32,203

 
24,902

 
Other income
 
10,442

 
9,369

 
Total revenues
 
335,455

 
329,384

 
Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
Commissions and fees
 
234,302

 
231,311

 
Compensation and benefits
 
48,584

 
47,249

 
Non-cash compensation
 
1,494

 
1,494

 
Brokerage, communication and clearance fees
 
4,001

 
5,319

 
Rent and occupancy, net of sublease revenue
 
2,670

 
2,493

 
Professional services
 
4,435

 
5,018

 
Interest
 
5,049

 
1,866

 
Depreciation and amortization
 
5,905

 
5,809

 
Acquisition-related expenses
 
21

 
913

 
Amortization of retention and forgivable loans
 
143

 
76

 
Amortization of contract acquisition costs
 
2,777

 
2,210

 
Other
 
21,134

 
17,929

 
Total expenses
 
330,515

 
321,687

 
Income before item shown below
 
4,940

 
7,697

 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration
 
(112
)
 
(61
)
 
Income before income taxes
 
4,828

 
7,636

 
Income tax expense
 
1,396

 
2,172

 
Net income
 
3,432

 
5,464

 
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
 
1

 
1

 
Net income attributable to the Company
 
$
3,431

 
$
5,463

 
Dividends declared on preferred stock
 
(8,590
)
 
(8,508
)
 
Net loss available to common shareholders
 
$
(5,159
)
 
$
(3,045
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per common share available to common shareholders (basic)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
$
(0.02
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per common share available to common shareholders (diluted)
 
$
(0.04
)
 
$
(0.02
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares used in computation of per share data:
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
143,311,024

 
195,898,794

 
Diluted
 
143,311,024

 
195,898,794

 
See accompanying notes.

2



LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF CHANGES
IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
(Amounts in thousands, except share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Preferred Stock
 
Common Stock
 
Additional Paid-In Capital
 
Accumulated Deficit
 
Noncontrolling Interest
 
 
 
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
Shares
 
Amount
 
 
 
 
Total
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Balance - December 31, 2017
 
17,012,075

 
$
2

 
198,583,941

 
$
20

 
$
520,135

 
$
(149,778
)
 
$
12

 
$
370,391

Cumulative effect of adoption of ASC 606 (See Note 2)
 

 

 

 

 

 
24,774

 
11

 
24,785

Balance - January 1, 2018
 
17,012,075

 
2

 
198,583,941

 
20

 
520,135

 
(125,004
)
 
23

 
395,176

Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
 

 

 
59,944

 

 
186

 

 

 
186

Exercise of stock options (net of 131,070 shares tendered in payment of exercise price)
 

 

 
553,599

 

 
828

 

 

 
828

Stock-based compensation granted to advisory board, consultants and independent financial advisors
 

 

 

 

 
7

 

 

 
7

Stock-based compensation to employees
 

 

 

 

 
1,487

 

 

 
1,487

Issuance of restricted stock
 

 

 
1,855,000

 

 

 

 

 

Repurchase and retirement of common stock, including 239,481 shares surrendered for tax withholdings and 9,816 shares tendered in payment of exercise price
 

 

 
(534,697
)
 

 
(1,729
)
 

 

 
(1,729
)
Preferred stock issued, net of underwriting discount and expense of $37
 

 

 

 

 
(37
)
 

 

 
(37
)
Preferred stock dividends declared and paid
 

 

 

 

 
(8,508
)
 

 

 
(8,508
)
Common stock dividends declared and paid
 

 

 

 

 
(1,960
)
 

 

 
(1,960
)
Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 
5,463

 
1

 
5,464

Balance - March 31, 2018
 
17,012,075

 
$
2

 
200,517,787

 
$
20

 
$
510,409

 
$
(119,541
)
 
$
24

 
$
390,914


Balance - December 31, 2018
 
17,012,075

 
$
2

 
146,535,796

 
$
14

 
$
344,356

 
$
(91,246
)
 
$
51

 
$
253,177

Issuance of common stock under employee stock purchase plan
 

 

 
57,104

 

 
154

 

 

 
154

Exercise of stock options
 

 

 
170,217

 

 
285

 

 

 
285

Stock-based compensation granted to consultants and independent financial advisors
 

 

 

 

 
11

 

 

 
11

Stock-based compensation to employees
 

 

 

 

 
1,483

 

 

 
1,483

Issuance of restricted stock
 

 

 
2,325,000

 
1

 

 

 

 
1

Repurchase and retirement of common stock, including 341,704 shares surrendered for tax withholdings
 

 

 
(341,704
)
 

 
(1,052
)
 

 

 
(1,052
)
Preferred stock issued, net of underwriting discount and expense of $34
 
287,230

 

 

 

 
6,915

 

 

 
6,915

Preferred stock dividends declared and paid
 

 

 

 

 
(8,590
)
 

 

 
(8,590
)
Common stock dividends declared and paid
 

 

 

 

 
(1,794
)
 

 

 
(1,794
)
Net income
 

 

 

 

 

 
3,431

 
1

 
3,432

Balance - March 31, 2019
 
17,299,305

 
$
2

 
148,746,413

 
$
15

 
$
341,768

 
$
(87,815
)
 
$
52

 
$
254,022



See accompanying notes.

3

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Amounts in thousands)
(Unaudited)

 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
2019
 
2018
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
3,432

 
$
5,464

      Adjustments to reconcile net income to
 
 
 
          net cash used in operating activities:
 
 
 
Change in fair value of contingent consideration
112

 
61

Adjustment to deferred rent

 
420

Amortization of right-of-use assets
1,993

 

Amortization of intangible assets
3,622

 
3,835

Amortization of debt discount
163

 
112

Amortization of debt issue cost
190

 
99

Amortization of retention and forgivable loans
143

 
76

Amortization of contract acquisition costs
2,777

 
2,210

Depreciation and other amortization
2,283

 
1,974

Deferred income taxes
(305
)
 
(71
)
Non-cash interest expense on forgivable loan

 
40

Non-cash compensation expense
1,494

 
1,494

Loss on write-off of furniture, fixtures and leasehold improvements, net
2

 

 
 
 
 
(Increase) decrease in operating assets
 
 
 
Securities owned, at fair value
2,956

 
(223
)
Receivables from clearing brokers
(17,991
)
 
(7,299
)
Receivables from other broker-dealers
2,935

 
559

Other receivables, net
(2,902
)
 
(2,798
)
Contract acquisition costs, net
(5,835
)
 
(14,104
)
Notes receivable from financial advisors, net
323

 
205

Cash surrender value of life insurance
(1,653
)
 
20

Income taxes receivable
1,683

 

Other assets
8,435

 
(5,229
)
 
 
 
 
Increase (decrease) in operating liabilities
 
 
 
Securities sold, but not yet purchased, at fair value
2,522

 
4

Accrued compensation
(20,521
)
 
(14,405
)
Accrued interest
1,384

 
(11
)
Commissions and fees payable
(185
)
 
(679
)
Deferred compensation liability
1,292

 
179

Lease liabilities
(1,956
)
 

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
(6,539
)
 
12,903

      Net cash used in operating activities   
(20,146
)
 
(15,164
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of fixed assets
(3,249
)
 
(2,239
)
      Net cash used in investing activities   
(3,249
)
 
(2,239
)
 
 
 
 
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Issuance of Series A preferred stock
6,915

 
(37
)
Issuance of common stock
439

 
1,014

Issuance of senior notes
96

 
4,385

Series A preferred stock dividends paid
(8,590
)
 
(8,508
)
Common stock dividends paid
(1,794
)
 
(1,960
)
Repurchase and retirement of common stock
(1,052
)
 
(1,729
)
Borrowings on term loan
7,000

 

Bank loan and revolver repayments
(209
)
 
(669
)
Principal payments on notes payable
(74
)
 
(1,779
)
      Net cash provided by (used in) financing activities   
2,731

 
(9,283
)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents
(20,664
)
 
(26,686
)
      Cash and cash equivalents including restricted cash, beginning of period
189,281

 
172,863

      Cash and equivalents at end of period:
 
 
 
      Cash and cash equivalents
167,847

 
145,417

      Restricted cash
770

 
760

      Cash and cash equivalents including restricted cash, end of period   
$
168,617

 
$
146,177

 
 
 
 
Supplemental cash flow information:
 
 
 
Interest paid
$
3,312

 
$
1,626

Taxes paid
37

 
27



See accompanying notes.

4



LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

1. Description of Business and Basis of Presentation

Ladenburg Thalmann Financial Services Inc. (the “Company” or “LTS”) is a holding company. Its principal operating subsidiaries are Securities America (‘‘Securities America’’), Triad Advisors (‘‘Triad’’), Investacorp (‘‘Investacorp’’), KMS Financial Services (“KMS”), Securities Service Network (“SSN”), Ladenburg Thalmann & Co. (‘‘Ladenburg’’), Ladenburg Thalmann Asset Management (‘‘LTAM’’), Premier Trust (‘‘Premier Trust’’) and Highland Capital Brokerage (“Highland”).

Securities America, Triad, Investacorp, KMS and SSN are registered investment advisors and broker-dealers that serve the independent financial advisor community. The independent financial advisors of these independent advisory and brokerage firms primarily serve retail clients. Such entities derive revenue from advisory fees and commissions, primarily from the sale of mutual funds, variable annuity products and other financial products and services.

Ladenburg is a full service registered broker-dealer that has been a member of the New York Stock Exchange since 1879. Broker-dealer activities include sales and trading and investment banking. Ladenburg provides its services principally to middle-market and emerging growth companies and high net worth individuals through a coordinated effort among corporate finance, capital markets, brokerage and trading professionals.

LTAM is a registered investment advisor. It offers various asset management products utilized by Ladenburg and Premier Trust’s clients, as well as clients of the Company's independent financial advisors.

Premier Trust, a Nevada trust company, provides wealth management services, including administration of personal trusts and retirement accounts, estate and financial planning and custody services.

Highland is an independent insurance broker that delivers life insurance, fixed and equity indexed annuities and long-term care solutions to investment and insurance providers. Highland provides specialized point-of-sale support along with advanced marketing and estate and business planning techniques, delivering customized insurance solutions to both institutional clients and independent producers. Highland also provides marketing strategies, product expertise, and back-office processing for fixed and equity-indexed annuities.

Securities America's, Triad's, Investacorp's, KMS's, SSN's and Ladenburg's customer transactions are cleared through clearing brokers on a fully-disclosed basis and such entities are subject to regulation by, among others, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (“FINRA”) and the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board. Each entity is a member of the Securities Investor Protection Corporation. Highland is subject to regulation by various regulatory bodies, including state attorneys general and insurance departments. Premier Trust is subject to regulation by the Nevada Department of Business and Industry Financial Institutions Division.

Basis of Presentation

The condensed consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, the interim data includes all adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for a fair statement of the results for the periods presented. Because of the nature of the Company’s business, interim period results may not be indicative of full year or future results.

The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements do not include all information and notes required in annual audited financial statements in conformity with GAAP. The statement of financial condition at December 31, 2018 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statement presentation. Please refer to the notes to the audited consolidated financial statements included in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 for additional disclosures and a description of accounting policies.
 
Certain amounts in the prior period financial statements were reclassified to conform with the current period financial statement presentation.

5

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)




New Accounting Standards Adopted

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842), which supersedes the existing guidance for lease accounting, Leases (Topic 840). ASU 2016-02 requires lessees to recognize leases on their balance sheets, and leaves lessor accounting largely unchanged. The Company adopted the provisions of Topic 842 on January 1, 2019, using the modified retrospective approach and the option presented under ASU 2018-11 to transition only active leases as of January 1, 2019. All comparative periods prior to January 1, 2019 are not adjusted and continue to be reported in accordance with Topic 840.

The Company elected to utilize the transition package of practical expedients permitted within the new standard, which among other things, allowed the Company to carryforward the historical lease classification. The Company made an accounting policy election to keep leases with an initial term of 12 months or less off the Company’s Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition which resulted in recognizing those lease payments in the Consolidated Statements of Operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company did not elect the hindsight practical expedient when determining the lease terms.

Adoption of the new standard resulted in the recording of right-of-use assets and corresponding lease liabilities of $36,522 and $39,483, respectively, as of January 1, 2019. The difference between the right-of-use assets and the lease liabilities was recorded to eliminate existing deferred rent balances recorded under Topic 840. The adoption of the new standard did not materially impact the Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations and had no impact on the Company's Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. The Company's current lease arrangements expire through 2030. See Note 4 for further information.

Accounting Standards Issued, But Not Yet Effective

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. This ASU amends the requirement on the measurement and recognition of expected credit losses for financial assets held.  The ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019 and interim periods within those annual periods. Early adoption is permitted, but not earlier than annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018. This amendment should be applied on a modified retrospective basis with a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company is in the process of assessing the impact of this ASU on its consolidated financial statements.

In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU 2017-04, Intangibles-Goodwill and Other (Topic 350): Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment, an amendment to simplify the subsequent quantitative measurement of goodwill by eliminating step two from the goodwill impairment test. As amended, an entity will recognize an impairment charge for the amount by which the carrying amount of a reporting unit exceeds its fair value, not to exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to the reporting unit. An entity still has the option to perform the qualitative test for a reporting unit to determine if the quantitative impairment test is necessary. This amendment is effective for annual or interim goodwill impairment tests in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019 and applies prospectively. Early adoption is permitted, including in an interim period, for impairment tests performed after January 1, 2017. The Company has not elected to early adopt ASU 2017-04. The adoption of this guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation: Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting, which simplifies the accounting for share-based payments granted to nonemployees by aligning the accounting with the requirements for employee share-based compensation. ASU 2018-07 is effective for fiscal years, and for interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company has assessed the impact that the adoption of ASU 2018-07 is not material to its consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820), Disclosure Framework - Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurements. This ASU eliminates, adds and modifies certain disclosure requirements for fair value measurements.


6

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



The update eliminates the requirement to disclose the amount of and reasons for transfers between Level 1 and Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, and introduces a requirement to disclose the range and weighted average used to develop significant unobservable inputs for Level 3 fair value measurements. This guidance will be effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2019. The Company plans to adopt this new accounting standard on January 1, 2020. Adoption is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.

2. Revenue from Contracts with Customers

The Company adopted ASU 2014-09 and all related amendments ("ASC 606"), effective January 1, 2018, using the modified retrospective method by recognizing the cumulative effect of initially applying ASC 606 as an adjustment to the opening balance of shareholders' equity and other affected accounts at January 1, 2018. During the fourth quarter of 2018, the Company determined that the deferred tax liability recorded on adoption of ASC 606 with respect to Highland was overstated, and the Company made an additional retained earnings adjustment of $665 to correct this item as of January 1, 2018.

Performance Obligations

Revenue from contracts with customers is recognized when, or as, the Company satisfies its performance obligations by transferring promised goods or services to customers. A good or service is transferred to a customer when, or as, the customer obtains control of that good or service. A performance obligation may be satisfied over time or at a point in time. Revenue from a performance obligation satisfied at a point in time is recognized at the point in time that the Company determines the customer obtains control over the promised good or service. The amount of revenue recognized reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those promised goods or services. Revenues are also analyzed to determine whether the Company acts as the principal (i.e. reports revenue on a gross basis) or agent (i.e. reports revenue on a net basis) in the arrangement with the customer. Principal or agent designations depend primarily on the control an entity has over the product or service before control is transferred to a customer. The indicators of which party exercises control include primary responsibility over performance obligations, inventory risk before the good or service is transferred and discretion in establishing the price.

The following provides detailed information on the recognition of the Company's revenue from contracts with customers:

Broker-Dealer Commissions

The Company’s broker-dealer subsidiaries earn commissions by executing client transactions in stocks, mutual funds, variable annuities and other financial products and services as well as from trailing commissions which are variable. Commissions revenue is recognized at the point of sale on the trade date when the performance obligation is satisfied. Commissions revenue is paid on settlement date, which is generally two business days after trade date for equities securities and corporate bond transactions and one business day for government securities and commodities transactions. The Company records a receivable on the trade date and receives a payment on settlement date. For trailing commissions, the performance obligation is satisfied at the time of the execution of the investments but the amount to be received for trailing commissions is uncertain, as it is dependent on the value of the investments at future points in time as well as the length of time the investor holds the investments, both of which are highly susceptible to variable factors outside the Company's influence. The Company does not believe that it can overcome this constraint until the market value of the investment and the investor activities are known, which are usually monthly or quarterly. The Company's Consolidated Statements of Operations reflects trailing commissions for services performed and performance obligations satisfied in previous periods and are recognized in the period that the constraint is overcome, when clients' investment holdings and their market values become known.

The Company's broker-dealer subsidiaries act as principal in satisfying the performance obligations that generate commissions revenue and maintain relationships with the product sponsors. The Company's independent financial advisors assist the Company in performing its obligations. Accordingly, broker-dealer commissions revenue are presented on a gross basis.



7

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)




Insurance Commissions

The Company’s performance obligation with respect to each contract with its customer, the insurance carriers, is the sale of the insurance policies to clients. Insurance commissions revenue is received from insurance carriers and includes an initial up-front (first year) commission as well as annual trailing commission payments for each policy renewal. Commissions on insurance renewal premiums are considered variable consideration.

ASC 606 requires that, at the time of the initial sale of a policy, the Company must estimate the variable consideration (future renewal commissions) and determine the transaction price as the undiscounted sum of expected future renewal commissions to be received from the insurance carriers.

Therefore, the transaction price includes the first-year fixed commission and the variable consideration for the trailing commissions, estimated using the expected value method and a portfolio approach. The Company also estimates a reduction of the transaction price for possible future chargebacks from the carriers. The Company acts as principal in its relationship with the insurance carriers and receives commissions revenue for the sale of insurance products for the insurance carriers. The Company's financial advisors assist the Company in performing its obligations and act as an agent for the Company. Accordingly, the Company presents the first-year and trailing commissions revenue on a gross basis when each policy is bound as an enforceable contract.

Advisory Fees

Advisory fee revenue represents fees charged by registered investment advisors (“RIAs”) to their clients based upon the value of client assets under management (“AUM”). The Company records fees charged to clients as advisory fees where the Company considers itself to be the primary RIA. The Company determined that the primary RIA firm is the principal in providing advisory services to clients and will therefore recognize the corresponding advisory fee revenues on a gross basis when the advisory services are conducted using the Company's corporate RIA platform.

As a result, the portion of the advisory fees paid to the client's independent financial advisor are classified as commissions and fees expense in the consolidated statements of operations.

Certain independent financial advisors conduct their advisory business through their own RIA firm, rather than using one of the Company's corporate RIA subsidiaries. These independent entities, or Hybrid RIAs, engage the Company for clearing, regulatory and custody services, as well as for access to investment advisory platforms. The advisory fee revenue generated by these Hybrid RIAs is earned by the independent financial advisors, and is not included in the Company's advisory fee revenues. However, the Company charges separate fees to Hybrid RIAs for technology, custody and administrative services based on the AUM within the client’s accounts. These fees are recognized on a net basis and classified as advisory fees in the consolidated statements of operations. Accordingly, reported advisory revenue growth may lag behind the overall growth rate of advisory assets.

Investment Banking

Investment banking revenues consist of underwriting revenue, strategic advisory revenue and private placement fees.

Underwriting
The performance obligation is the consummation of the sale of securities for each contract with a customer. The transaction price includes fixed management fees and is recognized as revenue when the performance obligation is satisfied, generally the trade date. Where Ladenburg is the lead underwriter, revenue and expenses are first allocated to other members of a syndicate because Ladenburg is acting as an agent for the syndicate. Accordingly, the Company records revenue on a net basis. When Ladenburg is not the lead underwriter, Ladenburg recognizes its share of revenue and expenses on a gross basis, because Ladenburg is acting as the principal.

Strategic Advisory Services
Performance obligations in these arrangements vary dependent on the contract, but are typically satisfied upon completion of the arrangement. Transaction fees may include retainer, management, and/or success fees, which are recognized upon completion of a deal.


8

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)




Ladenburg controls the service as it is transferred to the customer, and is therefore acting as a principal. Accordingly, the Company records revenues and out-of-pocket reimbursements on a gross basis.

Private Placement
The performance obligation is the consummation of the sale of securities for each contract with a customer. The transaction price includes fixed management fees and is recognized as revenue when the performance obligation is satisfied, generally the trade date. Ladenburg controls the service as it is transferred to the customer, and is therefore acting as a principal. Accordingly, the Company records revenues and out-of-pocket reimbursements on a gross basis.

Service Fees

Service fees primarily include (1) amounts charged to independent financial advisors for securities trades and for providing administrative and compliance services; and (2) fees earned for arranging the cash sweep programs between the customers and the third-party banks, in which customers' cash deposits in their brokerage accounts at the customers' direction are swept into interest-bearing FDIC-insured deposit accounts at various third-party banks.

The service fees charged to independent financial advisors are recognized when the Company satisfies its performance obligations.  Transaction revenues for the processing of securities trades are recognized at the point-in-time that a transaction is executed, which is generally the trade date. Fees charged to advisors for providing administrative and compliance services are either recognized at a point-in-time to over time depending on whether the service is provided at an identifiable point-in-time or if the service is provided continually over the the year. The cash sweep fees are earned and recognized over the period of the clients' participation in these programs.

Other Income

The Company receives fees from product sponsors, primarily mutual fund and annuity companies, for marketing support and sales force education and training efforts. Compensation for these performance obligations is generally calculated as a fixed fee, or as a percentage of the average annual amount of product sponsor assets held in advisors' clients' accounts, or as a percentage of new sales, or a combination. As the value of product sponsor assets held in advisor's clients' accounts is susceptible to unpredictable market changes, this revenue includes variable consideration and is constrained until the date that the fees are determinable. The Company is the principal in these arrangements as it is responsible for and determines the level of servicing and marketing support it provides to the product sponsors. 

In addition, the Company hosts certain advisor conferences that serve as training, education, sales, and marketing events, for which a fee may be charged for attendance to advisors and product sponsors.  Recognition is at a point-in-time when the conference is held and the Company satisfies its performance obligations. 

Disaggregation of Revenue

In the following table, revenue is disaggregated by service line and segment:








9

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
Independent Advisory and Brokerage Services
 
Ladenburg
 
Insurance Brokerage
 
Corporate
 
Total
Commissions
 
$
128,871

 
$
2,490

 
$
35,568

 
$

 
$
166,929

Advisory fees
 
112,348

 
1,560

 

 

 
113,908

Investment banking
 
197

 
9,632

 

 

 
9,829

Principal transactions
 
(7
)
 
1,028

 

 
(93
)
 
928

Interest and dividends
 
669

 
275

 

 
272

 
1,216

Service fees
 
31,361

 
589

 

 
253

 
32,203

Other income
 
9,549

 
237

 
601

 
55

 
10,442

Total revenues
 
$
282,988

 
$
15,811

 
$
36,169

 
$
487

 
$
335,455




For the Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 
Independent Advisory and Brokerage Services
 
Ladenburg
 
Insurance Brokerage
 
Corporate
 
Total
Commissions
 
$
129,745

 
$
3,213

 
$
30,328

 
$

 
$
163,286

Advisory fees
 
112,513

 
1,816

 

 
54

 
114,383

Investment banking
 
116

 
16,374

 

 

 
16,490

Principal transactions
 
11

 
156

 

 

 
167

Interest and dividends
 
534

 
75

 

 
178

 
787

Service fees
 
24,140

 
568

 

 
194

 
24,902

Other income
 
8,470

 
112

 
732

 
55

 
9,369

Total revenues
 
$
275,529

 
$
22,314

 
$
31,060

 
$
481

 
$
329,384




Contract Balances

For each of its insurance policies, the Company receives an initial up-front (first year) commission as well as annual trailing commission payments for each policy renewal. The Company will incur commission expenses related to the trailing commission payments for each policy renewal as well. The timing of revenue recognition, cash collections, and commission expense on the insurance policies results in contract assets and contract liabilities.
The following table provides information about contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers. Estimated trailing commissions are included in other receivables, net while estimated expenses on trailing commissions are included in commissions and fees payable on the condensed consolidated statement of financial condition:
 
 
As of March 31, 2019
 
As of December 31, 2018
Contract assets - Insurance trailing commissions
 
$
63,718

 
$
64,300

Contract liabilities - Insurance trailing commissions
 
31,510

 
31,854





10

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



Performance obligations related to insurance brokerage revenue are considered satisfied when the sale of the initial insurance policies are completed, including expected future trailing commissions due to the Company each year upon customer renewals of the policies sold. Upon receipt of the annual trailing commission, the Company pays a corresponding commission expense. Based on historical data, customer renewal periods are estimated at approximately eight years from the sale of the initial policy.
Increases to the contract asset were a result of $5,620 in estimated trailing commissions from new policies during the three months ended March 31, 2019, while decreases were driven by $6,202 in actual commissions received during the three months ended March 31, 2019. Increases to the contract liability were a result of $2,810 in estimated commission expense from new policies during the three months ended March 31, 2019, while decreases were driven by $3,154 in actual commissions paid during the three months ended March 31, 2019.

Costs to Obtain a Contract with a Customer

The Company capitalizes the incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer (independent financial advisor) if the costs (1) relate directly to an existing contract or anticipated contract, (2) generate or enhance resources that will be used to satisfy performance obligations in the future, and (3) are expected to be recovered. These costs are included in contract acquisition costs, net in the condensed consolidated statements of financial condition and are amortized over the estimated customer relationship period.
 
The Company uses an amortization method that is consistent with the pattern of transfer of goods or services to its customers. Any costs that are not incremental costs of obtaining a contract with a customer, such as costs of onboarding, training and support of independent financial advisors, would not qualify for capitalization.
 
The Company pays fees to third-party recruiters and bonuses to employees for recruiting independent financial advisors, and thereby bring their customers’ accounts to the Company, which generates ongoing advisory fee revenue, commissions revenue, and monthly service fee revenue to the Company.

An additional cost to obtain an independent financial advisor may include forgivable loans. Forgivable loans take many forms, but they are differentiated by the fact that at inception the loan is intended to be forgiven over time by the Company. The loans are given as an inducement to attract independent financial advisors to become affiliated with the Company's independent advisory and brokerage subsidiaries. Each of the Company’s independent advisory and brokerage subsidiaries may offer new independent financial advisors a forgivable loan as part of his/her affiliation offer letter. These amounts are paid upfront and are capitalized, then amortized over the expected useful lives of the independent financial advisor’s relationship period with the independent advisory and brokerage firm.

The balance of contract acquisition costs, net, was $83,784 as of March 31, 2019, an increase of $3,058 compared to December 31, 2018. Amortization on these contract acquisition costs was $2,777 during the three months ended March 31, 2019. There were no impairments or changes to underlying assumptions related to contract acquisition costs, net, for the period.
Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligation

Contract liabilities represent accrued commission expense associated with the accrued insurance trailing commission contract assets. The Company does not have any contract liabilities representing revenues that will be recognized in future periods upon the satisfaction of any remaining performance obligations.
3. Fair Value of Assets and Liabilities

Authoritative accounting guidance defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and establishes a fair value hierarchy which prioritizes the inputs to valuation techniques. Fair value is the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. A fair value measurement assumes that the transaction to sell the asset or transfer the liability occurs in the principal market for the asset or liability or, in the absence of a principal market, the most advantageous market. Valuation techniques that are consistent with the market or income approach are used to measure fair value.



11

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



The fair value hierarchy ranks the quality and reliability of the information used to determine fair values. Financial assets and liabilities carried at fair value are classified and disclosed in one of the following three categories:

Level 1 — Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.

Level 2 — Inputs other than quoted market prices that are observable, either directly or indirectly, and reasonably available. Observable inputs reflect the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability and are developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company.

Level 3 — Unobservable inputs which reflect the assumptions that the Company develops based on available information about what market participants would use in valuing the asset or liability.
The following tables present the carrying values and estimated fair values at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018 of financial assets and liabilities, excluding financial instruments that are carried at fair value on a recurring basis, and information is provided on their classification within the fair value hierarchy. Such instruments are carried at amounts that approximate fair value due to their short-term nature and generally negligible credit risk.
 
 
 
March 31, 2019
Assets
 
Carrying Value
 
 Level 1
 
 Level 2
 
Total Estimated Fair Value
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
167,847

 
$
167,847

 
$

 
$
167,847

Receivables from clearing brokers
 
42,059

 

 
42,059

 
42,059

Receivables from other broker-dealers
 
4,143

 

 
4,143

 
4,143

Notes receivables, net (1)
 
5,343

 

 
5,343

 
5,343

Other receivables, net
 
136,144

 

 
136,144

 
136,144

 
 
$
355,536

 
$
167,847

 
$
187,689

 
$
355,536

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Accrued compensation
 
$
18,743

 
$

 
$
18,743

 
$
18,743

Commissions and fees payable
 
105,121

 

 
105,121

 
105,121

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (2)
 
39,824

 

 
39,824

 
39,824

Accrued interest
 
1,507

 

 
1,507

 
1,507

Notes payable, net (3)
 
261,237

 

 
276,465

 
276,465

 
 
$
426,432

 
$

 
$
441,660

 
$
441,660


(1) Carrying value approximates fair value, which is determined based on a valuation technique to convert future cash payments or forgiveness transactions to a single discounted preset value amount.
(2) Excludes contingent consideration liabilities of $2,342.
(3) Estimated fair value based on then current rates at which similar amounts of debt could be borrowed.





12

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



 
 
December 31, 2018
Assets
 
Carrying Value
 
 Level 1
 
 Level 2
 
Total Estimated Fair Value
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
182,693

 
$
182,693

 
$

 
$
182,693

Receivables from clearing brokers
 
24,068

 

 
24,068

 
24,068

Receivables from other broker-dealers
 
7,078

 

 
7,078

 
7,078

Notes receivables, net (1)
 
5,809

 

 
5,809

 
5,809

Other receivables, net
 
133,242

 

 
133,242

 
133,242

 
 
$
352,890

 
$
182,693

 
$
170,197

 
$
352,890

 
 

 

 

 

Liabilities
 

 

 

 

Accrued compensation
 
$
39,264

 
$

 
$
39,264

 
$
39,264

Commissions and fees payable
 
105,306

 

 
105,306

 
105,306

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities (2)
 
46,511

 

 
46,511

 
46,511

Accrued interest
 
123

 

 
123

 
123

Notes payable, net (3)
 
254,072

 

 
266,844

 
266,844

 
 
$
445,276

 
$

 
$
458,048

 
$
458,048


(1) Carrying value approximates fair value, which is determined based on a valuation technique to convert future cash payments or forgiveness transactions to a single discounted preset value amount.
(2) Excludes contingent consideration liabilities of $2,230.
(3) Estimated fair value based on then current rates at which similar amounts of debt could be borrowed.
The following tables present the financial assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis at March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018:

 
 
March 31, 2019
Assets
 
Carrying Value
 
 Level 1
 
 Level 2
 
 Level 3
 
Total Estimated Fair Value
Certificates of deposit
 
$
191

 
$
191

 
$

 
$

 
$
191

Debt securities
 
2,348

 

 
2,348

 

 
2,348

U.S. treasury notes
 
800

 

 
800

 

 
800

Common stock and warrants
 
4,628

 
3,127

 
1,501

 

 
4,628

Total
 
$
7,967

 
$
3,318

 
$
4,649

 
$

 
$
7,967

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration payable
 
$
2,342

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,342

 
$
2,342

Debt securities
 
345

 

 
345

 

 
345

Common stock and warrants
 
4,752

 
4,752

 

 

 
4,752

Total
 
$
7,439

 
$
4,752

 
$
345

 
$
2,342

 
$
7,439





13

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



 
 
December 31, 2018
Assets
 
Carrying Value
 
 Level 1
 
 Level 2
 
 Level 3
 
Total Estimated Fair Value
Certificates of deposit
 
$
426

 
$
426

 
$

 
$

 
$
426

Debt securities
 
1,447

 

 
1,447

 

 
1,447

U.S. treasury notes
 
794

 

 
794

 

 
794

Common stock and warrants
 
8,256

 
7,070

 
1,186

 

 
8,256

Total
 
$
10,923

 
$
7,496

 
$
3,427

 
$

 
$
10,923

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Contingent consideration payable
 
$
2,230

 
$

 
$

 
$
2,230

 
$
2,230

Debt securities
 
196

 

 
196

 

 
196

Common stock and warrants
 
2,379

 
2,379

 

 

 
2,379

Total
 
$
4,805

 
$
2,379

 
$
196

 
$
2,230

 
$
4,805



As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, approximately $6,489 and $9,763, respectively, of securities owned were deposited with clearing brokers and may be sold or hypothecated by the clearing brokers pursuant to clearing agreements with such clearing brokers. Securities sold, but not yet purchased, represents obligations of the Company’s subsidiaries to purchase the specified financial instrument at the then current market price. Accordingly, these transactions result in off-balance-sheet risk as the Company’s subsidiaries’ ultimate obligation to repurchase such securities may exceed the amount recognized in the consolidated statements of financial condition.

Debt securities and U.S. Treasury notes are valued based on recently executed transactions, market price quotations, and pricing models that factor in, as applicable, interest rates and bond default risk spreads.

Warrants are carried at a discount to fair value as determined by using the Black-Scholes option pricing model due to illiquidity. This model takes into account the underlying securities' current market values, the underlying securities' market volatility, the terms of the warrants, exercise prices and risk-free return rate. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the fair values of the warrants were $1,396 and $1,052, respectively, and are included in common stock and warrants (Level 2) above.

From time to time, Ladenburg receives common stock as compensation for investment banking services. These securities are restricted under applicable securities laws and may be freely traded only upon the effectiveness of a registration statement covering them or upon the satisfaction of the requirements of Rule 144 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"), including the requisite holding period. Restricted common stock is classified as Level 2 securities.

Set forth below are changes in the carrying value of contingent consideration related to acquisitions, which is included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities:



14

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



Fair value of contingent consideration as of December 31, 2017
 
$
2,104

Payments
 
(1,353
)
Change in fair value of contingent consideration
 
238

Fair value of contingent consideration in connection with KFG and FSFG acquisitions
 
1,241

Fair value of contingent consideration as of December 31, 2018
 
$
2,230

Change in fair value of contingent consideration
 
112

Fair value of contingent consideration as of March 31, 2019
 
$
2,342


4. Leases

The Company's lease agreements primarily cover office facilities and equipment and expire at various dates. The Company's leases are predominantly operating leases, which are included in right-of-use assets and lease liabilities on the Company's Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition. The Company's current lease arrangements expire from 2019 through 2030, some of which include options to extend or terminate the lease. However, the Company in general is not reasonably certain to exercise options to renew or terminate, and therefore renewal and termination options are not considered in the lease term or the right-of-use asset and lease liabilities balances.

The Company’s lease population does not include any residual value guarantees, and therefore none were considered in the calculation of the lease balances. The Company has leases with variable payments, most commonly in the form of common area maintenance charges which are based on actual costs incurred. These variable payments were excluded from the right-of-use asset and lease liability balances since they are not fixed or in-substance fixed payments. Leases with variable rate adjustments, such as Consumer Price Index (CPI) adjustments, were reflected based on contractual lease payments as outlined within the lease agreement and not adjusted for any CPI increases or decreases. We have lease agreements with lease and non-lease components. We have elected the practical expedient to account for lease and non-lease components as a single lease component.

For leases with terms greater than 12 months, right-of-use assets and lease liabilities are recognized at the lease commencement date based on the present value of the future lease payments over the lease term. The discount rate used to determine the commencement date present value of lease payments is the interest rate implicit in the lease, or when that is not readily determinable, the Company utilizes its incremental borrowing rate. Our lease agreements generally do not provide a readily determinable implicit rate nor is it available to us from our lessors. Instead, we estimate the Company’s incremental borrowing rate based on information available at either the implementation date of Topic 842 or at lease commencement for leases entered into thereafter in determining the present value of future payments. Lease expense for net present value of payments is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term. Leases with an initial term of 12 months or less with purchase options or extension options that are not reasonably certain to be exercised are not recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition; we recognize lease expense for these leases on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease.

Lease cost. The Company’s components of lease cost for the three months ended March 31, 2019 were as follows:


 
March 31, 2019
Operating lease cost
$
2,404

Short-term lease cost
33

Variable lease cost
263

Sublease income
(24
)
Total lease cost
$
2,676






15

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



Lease commitments. The table below summarizes the Company’s scheduled future minimum lease payments under operating and finance leases, recorded on the Condensed Consolidated Statements of Financial Condition as of March 31, 2019:

 
Operating and Finance Leases
Remainder of 2019
$
6,796

2020
7,829

2021
5,815

2022
5,059

2023
3,899

Thereafter
15,750

Total lease payments
45,148

Less imputed interest
(7,435
)
Present value of lease payments
$
37,713



As of March 31, 2019, we have additional operating leases, primarily for additional office space at Securities America, that have not yet commenced.

In connection with an office lease entered into in March 2016, Securities America has exercised an option to lease additional office space, which is under construction, for 12 years and would require the payment of an estimated average annual rent of $2,000, subject to certain adjustments. The Company currently expects that this lease would commence in 2020 upon completion of the construction. Such estimated rent amounts are not included in the total minimum lease payments above.

The table below presents additional informat ion related to our leases as of March 31, 2019:

Weighted Average Remaining Lease Term:
 
Operating leases
7.29 years

 
 
Weighted Average Discount Rate:
 
Operating leases
4.35
%



Supplemental cash flow information. The table below presents supplemental cash flow information related to leases during the three months ended March 31, 2019:

 
Three months ended March 31, 2019
Cash paid for amounts included in measurement of lease liabilities:
 
Operating cash flows from operating and finance leases
$
2,664



Non-cash investing and financing activities. The Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations during the three months ended March 31, 2019 was:





16

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



 
Three months ended March 31, 2019
Operating and finance leases
$
186



Subleases and lessor activity. The Company had rental income from subleasing activity during the period ended March 31, 2019 which was immaterial to the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

5. Intangible Assets

At March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, intangible assets subject to amortization consisted of the following:

 
 
 
 
March 31, 2019
 
December 31, 2018
  
 
Weighted-Average Estimated Useful Life (years)
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
 
Gross Carrying Amount
 
Accumulated Amortization
Technology
 
7.9
 
$
25,563

 
$
22,944

 
$
25,563

 
$
22,187

Relationships with financial advisors
 
14.3
 
126,122

 
62,200

 
126,122

 
59,584

Covenants not-to-compete
 
3.8
 
6,964

 
6,378

 
6,964

 
6,258

Trade names
 
7.7
 
16,916

 
14,601

 
16,916

 
14,472

Total
 
 
 
$
175,565

 
$
106,123

 
$
175,565

 
$
102,501



Aggregate amortization expense for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 amounted to $3,622 and $3,835, respectively. The weighted-average amortization period for total amortizable intangibles at March 31, 2019 is 9.84 years. As of March 31, 2019, the remaining estimated amortization expense for each of the five succeeding years and thereafter is as follows:
 
 
Remainder of 2019
$
9,449

2020
11,466

2021
6,628

2022
6,554

2023
6,217

2024 - 2036
29,128

  
$
69,442


6. Notes Receivable from Financial Advisors

From time to time, the Company’s subsidiaries may make loans to their financial advisors. The notes receivable balance is comprised of unsecured non-interest-bearing and interest-bearing loans (interest of up to 10.0%) to the financial advisors. These notes have various schedules for repayment or forgiveness and mature at various dates through 2026.
The notes are amortized over the forgiveness period, which generally ranges from 3 to 5 years. Receivables are continually evaluated for collectability and possible write-offs and an allowance for doubtful accounts is provided where a loss is considered probable. As of March 31, 2019 and December 31, 2018, the allowance amounted to $1,657 and $1,528, respectively.






17

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



7. Net Capital Requirements

The Company’s broker-dealer subsidiaries are subject to the SEC’s Uniform Net Capital Rule 15c3-1, which requires the maintenance of minimum net capital. Each of Securities America, Triad, Investacorp, KMS, SSN and Ladenburg has elected to compute its net capital under the alternative method allowed by this rule, and, at March 31, 2019, each, excluding Ladenburg, had a $250 minimum net capital requirement. Ladenburg, as a market maker, had a $270 minimum net capital requirement.

At March 31, 2019, Securities America had regulatory net capital of $14,837, Triad had regulatory net capital of $9,934, Investacorp had regulatory net capital of $9,525, KMS had regulatory net capital of $6,736, SSN had regulatory net capital of $6,536 and Ladenburg had regulatory net capital of $21,174.

Each of Securities America, Triad, Investacorp, KMS, SSN and Ladenburg claim exemptions from the provisions of the SEC’s Rule 15c3-3 pursuant to paragraphs (k)(2)(i) and (k)(2)(ii) as they clear their customer transactions through correspondent brokers on a fully disclosed basis.

Premier Trust, chartered by the state of Nevada, is subject to regulation by the Nevada Department of Business and Industry Financial Institutions Division. Under Nevada law, Premier Trust must maintain minimum stockholders’ equity of at least $1,000, including at least $250 in cash. At March 31, 2019, Premier Trust had stockholders’ equity of $3,552, including at least $250 in cash.

8. Income Taxes

The Company’s interim income tax provision or benefit consists of U.S. federal and state income taxes based on the estimated annual effective rate that the Company expects for the full year together with the tax effect of discrete items. Each quarter the Company updates its estimate of the annual effective tax rate and records cumulative adjustments as necessary. As of March 31, 2019, the estimated annual effective tax rate for 2019 (exclusive of discrete items) is approximately 28.7% of projected pre-tax income. Our estimated annual tax expense consists of a provision for federal and state and local income taxes.

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $1,396 on pre-tax income of $4,828. The estimated annual effective tax rate is higher than the statutory rate of 21% related primarily to state and local taxes and certain non-deductible expenses including meals and entertainment and IRC §162(m).

For the three months ended March 31, 2018, the Company recorded an income tax expense of $2,172 on a pre-tax income of $7,636.

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, we evaluate whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income in those periods in which temporary differences become deductible and/or net operating losses can be utilized. We assess all positive and negative evidence when determining the amount of the net deferred tax assets that are more likely than not to be realized. This evidence includes, but is not limited to, prior earnings history, scheduled reversal of taxable temporary differences, tax planning strategies and projected future taxable income. Significant weight is given to positive and negative evidence that is objectively verifiable. As of March 31, 2019, the Company concluded that its deferred tax assets were realizable on a more-likely-than-not basis with the exception of certain separate company state net operating losses.

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted ASC 606. Upon adoption, the Company recorded a net deferred tax liability of $3,600 with an offset to retained earnings.

9.
Notes Payable

Notes payable consisted of the following:


18

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



 
March 31,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Note payable under subsidiary's term loan with bank
$
6,823

 
$

Note payable under subsidiary's revolver with bank
56

 
89

Notes payable to Kestler Financial Group's former shareholders
5,347

 
5,399

Notes payable to Four Seasons Financial Group's former shareholders
342

 
364

6.5% Senior Notes, net of $65 and $67 of unamortized discount in 2019 and 2018, respectively
82,744

 
82,742

7% Senior Notes, net of $44 of unamortized discount in 2019 and 2018
42,476

 
42,475

7.25% Senior Notes
60,000

 
60,000

7.25% December 2018 Notes, net of $6,100 and $6,261 of unamortized discount in 2019 and 2018, respectively
70,250

 
70,089

Less: Unamortized debt issuance costs
(6,801
)
 
(7,086
)
Total
$
261,237

 
$
254,072


The Company estimates that the fair value of notes payable was $276,465 at March 31, 2019 and $266,844 at December 31, 2018 based on then current interest rates at which similar amounts of debt could then be borrowed (Level 2 inputs). As of March 31, 2019, the Company was in compliance with all covenants in its debt agreements.

Senior Notes

On November 21, 2017, the Company sold $72,500 principal amount of its 6.5% senior notes due November 2027 ("6.5% Senior Notes"). Interest on the 6.5% Senior Notes accrues from November 21, 2017 and is paid quarterly in arrears on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31 of each year. The Company may redeem the 6.5% Senior Notes in whole or in part on or after November 30, 2020, at its option, at a redemption price equal to 100% of their principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest. On December 12, 2017, the underwriters exercised their option to purchase an additional $4,069 principal amount of the 6.5% Senior Notes, which resulted in total gross proceeds of $76,569, before deducting the underwriting discount paid to unaffiliated underwriters and offering expenses aggregating $3,313, including $1,187 of brokerage commissions earned by employees of Ladenburg, which served as the lead underwriter in the offering. In connection with the offering of Notes, certain members of the Company's management and Board of Directors purchased $10,400 of the Notes offered by the Company. In February 2018, the Company entered into a note distribution agreement under which the Company may sell up to $25,000 principal amount of additional 6.5% Senior Notes from time to time in an "at the market" offering in accordance with Rule 415 under the Securities Act. Ladenburg is acting as the representative of the agents named in the note distribution agreement in the "at the market" offering and may receive commissions of up to 2% of gross sales. During 2018, the Company sold $6,240 principal amount of 6.5% Senior Notes pursuant to the "at the market" offering. The Company did not sell any 6.5% Senior Notes pursuant to the "at the market" offering during the three months ended March 31, 2019.

On May 22, 2018, the Company sold $40,000 principal amount of its 7% senior notes due May 2028 ("7% Senior Notes") pursuant to an underwritten offering. Interest on the 7% Senior Notes accrues from May 30, 2018 and is paid quarterly in arrears on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31 of each year. The Company may redeem the 7% Senior Notes in whole or in part on or after May 31, 2021, at its option, at a redemption price equal to 100% of their principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest. On June 22, 2018, the underwriters exercised their option to purchase an additional $1,412 principal amount of the 7% Senior Notes, which resulted in total gross proceeds of $41,412, before deducting the underwriting discount paid to unaffiliated underwriters and offering expenses aggregating $2,020, including $464 of brokerage commissions earned by employees of Ladenburg, which served as the lead underwriter in the offering. In June 2018, the Company entered into a note distribution agreement under which the Company may sell up to $25,000 principal amount of additional 7% Senior Notes from time to time in an "at the market" offering. Ladenburg is acting as the representative of the agents named in the note distribution agreement in the "at the market" offering and may receive commissions of up to 2% of gross sales. During 2018, the Company sold $2,729 principal amount of 7% Senior Notes pursuant to the "at the market" offering. The Company did not sell any 7% Senior Notes pursuant to the "at the market" offering during the three months ended March 31, 2019. At March 31, 2019, Ladenburg held $1,622 of 7% Senior Notes, which are not included in notes payable.



19

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



On August 9, 2018, the Company sold $60,000 principal amount of its 7.25% senior notes due September 2028 ("7.25% Senior Notes") pursuant to an underwritten offering. Interest on the 7.25% Senior Notes accrues from August 16, 2018 and is paid quarterly in arrears on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31 of each year. The Company may redeem the 7.25% Senior Notes in whole or in part on or after September 30, 2021 at its option, at a redemption price equal to 100% of their principal amount, plus accrued and unpaid interest. The offering resulted in total gross proceeds of $60,000, before deducting the underwriting discount paid to unaffiliated underwriters and offering expenses aggregating $2,135, including $120 of brokerage commissions earned by employees of Ladenburg, which served as one of the five underwriters in the offering.

Promissory Note - KFG

On August 31, 2018, as part of the consideration paid for the acquisition of Kestler Financial Group ("KFG"), the Company issued a promissory note (the "KFG Note") to the former shareholders of KFG in the aggregate principal amount of $5,450, bearing interest at 4.00% per annum and payable in equal monthly installments beginning on September 15, 2018, with the final installment being due and payable on or before November 15, 2036. The KFG Note may be prepaid in full or in part at any time without premium or penalty. The KFG Note contains customary events of default, which if uncured, entitle the holder to accelerate the due date of the unpaid principal amount of, and all accrued and unpaid interest on, the KFG Note.

Promissory Note - FSFG

In November 2018, as part of the consideration paid for the acquisition of Four Seasons Financial Group ("FSFG"), Highland issued two promissory notes (the "FSFG Notes") to the former shareholders of FSFG in the aggregate principal amount of $372, one bearing interest at 3.99% per annum and payable in equal monthly installments beginning on November 1, 2018, with the final installment being due and payable on or before October 1, 2021 and the other bearing interest at 4.75% per annum and payable in equal monthly installments beginning on November 15, 2018, with the final installment being due and payable on or before January 15, 2024. The FSFG Notes may be prepaid in full or in part at any time without premium or penalty. The FSFG Notes contains customary events of default, which if uncured, entitle the holder to accelerate the due date of the unpaid principal amount of, and all accrued and unpaid interest on, the FSFG Notes.

Promissory Notes - December 2018 Notes

On December 24, 2018, the Company entered into an agreement (the “Repurchase Agreement”) with its former principal shareholder, Phillip Frost, M.D., and an entity affiliated with Dr. Frost, Frost Nevada Investments Trust (together with Dr. Frost, the “Sellers”), pursuant to which the Company agreed to repurchase 50,900,000 shares of its common stock directly from the Sellers (the “Share Repurchase”) in a private transaction at a price of $2.50 per share. The Company funded the Share Repurchase with $50,900 in cash on hand and by issuing $76,350 in aggregate principal amount of 7.25% Senior Notes due 2028 (the “December 2018 Notes”) to the Sellers. Also, under the Repurchase Agreement, options to purchase 3,610,000 shares of the Common Stock held by Dr. Frost were cancelled in exchange for $3,000 in cash.

The December 2018 Notes are senior unsecured obligations of the Company and rank equally in right of payment with all of the Company’s existing and future senior unsecured and unsubordinated indebtedness. The December 2018 Notes are effectively subordinated in right of payment to all of the Company’s existing and future secured indebtedness and structurally subordinated to all existing and future indebtedness of the Company’s subsidiaries. The December 2018 Notes bear interest from December 24, 2018 at the rate of 7.25% per annum, payable quarterly in arrears on March 31, June 30, September 30 and December 31 of each year, commencing on March 31, 2019, and at maturity. The December 2018 Notes mature on September 30, 2028.

The Company may, at its option, at any time and from time to time, on or after September 30, 2021, redeem the December 2018 Notes, in whole or in part, at a redemption price equal to 100% of the outstanding principal amount thereof plus accrued and unpaid interest to, but excluding, the date fixed for redemption. On and after any redemption date, interest will cease to accrue on the redeemed December 2018 Notes.




20

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



Bank Loan - Securities America

On February 6, 2019, Securities America Financial Corporation entered into an amendment to its loan agreement with a third-party financial institution to provide for a term loan in the aggregate principal amount of $7,000, with interest accruing at the rate of 5.52%. Securities America began monthly payments of principal and interest under the term loan in the amount of $212 on March 6, 2019. The term loan matures on February 6, 2022. The loan is collateralized by Securities America's assets. The loan agreement contains certain affirmative and negative covenants, including covenants regarding Securities America's client asset levels and number of financial advisors.Total interest expense related to the term loan was $35 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. At March 31, 2019, $6,823 was outstanding under the term loan.

10. Commitments and Contingencies

Litigation and Regulatory Matters

In December 2014 and January 2015, two purported class action suits were filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York against American Realty Capital Partners, Inc. (“ARCP”), certain affiliated entities and individuals, ARCP’s auditing firm, and the underwriters of ARCP’s May 2014 $1,656,000 common stock offering (“May 2014 Offering”) and three prior note offerings. The complaints have been consolidated. Ladenburg was named as a defendant as one of 17 underwriters of the May 2014 Offering and as one of eight underwriters of ARCP’s July 2013 offering of $300,000 in convertible notes. The complaint alleges, among other things, that the offering materials were misleading based on financial reporting of expenses, improperly-calculated AFFO (adjusted funds from operations), and false and misleading Sarbanes-Oxley certifications, including statements as to ARCP’s internal controls, and that the underwriters are liable for violations of federal securities laws. The plaintiffs seek an unspecified amount of compensatory damages, as well as other relief. In June 2016, the court denied the underwriters’ motions to dismiss the complaint. In August 2017, the court granted the plaintiffs’ motion for class certification. Ladenburg intends to vigorously defend against these claims.

In November 2015, two purported class action complaints were filed in state court in Tennessee against Miller Energy Resources, Inc. (“Miller”), officers, directors, auditors and nine firms that underwrote six securities offerings in 2013 and 2014, which offerings raised approximately $151,000. Ladenburg was one of the underwriters of two of the offerings. The complaints allege, among other things, that the offering materials were misleading based on the purportedly overstated valuation of certain assets, and that the underwriters are liable for violations of federal securities laws. The plaintiffs seek an unspecified amount of compensatory damages, as well as other relief. In December 2015 the defendants removed the complaints to the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Tennessee; in November 2016, the cases were consolidated. In August 2017, the court granted in part and denied in part the underwriters' motion to dismiss the complaint. The plaintiffs’ motions for class certification and to remand the case to state court are pending. Ladenburg intends to vigorously defend against these claims.

In January 2016, an amended complaint was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas against Plains All American Pipeline, L.P. and related entities as well as their officers and directors. The amended complaint added Ladenburg and other underwriters of securities offerings in 2013 and 2014 that in the aggregate raised approximately $2,900,000 as defendants to the purported class action. Ladenburg was one of the underwriters of the October 2013 initial public offering. The complaint allege, among other things, that the offering materials were misleading based on representations concerning the maintenance and integrity of the issuer’s pipelines, and that the underwriters are liable for violations of federal securities laws. In April 2018, the court granted the defendants’ motions to dismiss the second amended complaint with prejudice and entered final judgment for the defendants. In May 2018 the plaintiffs filed a notice of appeal of the dismissal order. If the plaintiffs’ appeal is successful, Ladenburg intends to vigorously defend against these claims.

SEC examination reports provided to Triad and Securities America Advisors, Inc. in May and August 2016, respectively, asserted that the firms had acted inconsistently with their fiduciary duties (including the requirement to seek best execution) in recommending and selecting mutual fund share classes that paid 12b-1 fees where lower cost share classes also were available in those same funds. The SEC also asserted that the firms’ disclosures of potential conflicts of interest and compensation related to the mutual fund share classes that paid 12b-1 fees were insufficient. Triad has revised its disclosures and completed restitution to its affected clients in 2016.


21

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)



On April 6, 2018, the SEC issued an order against Securities America Advisors on consent that includes a cease and desist order and imposes remedial sanctions of disgorgement, prejudgment interest, and a fine; the combined total amount is $5,828, which had previously been reserved. In October 2018, Securities America Advisors received approval of its plan for distribution of the funds. Securities America Advisors is distributing the funds pursuant to the terms of the order.

In February 2018, the SEC announced a Share Class Selection Disclosure Initiative (“Initiative”) to encourage registered investment advisory firms to self-report failures to disclose conflicts of interest to clients concerning the selection of mutual fund share classes that paid fees pursuant to Rule 12b-1 of the Investment Company Act of 1940 for the period 2014-2016. Under the Initiative, the SEC requires self-reporting firms, among other things, to disgorge to clients the 12b-1 fees received during the relevant period when lower-cost share classes were available.  Three of the Company's investment advisory subsidiaries determined to self-report under the Initiative. On March 11, 2019, the SEC issued orders on consent against SSN Advisory, Inc. and Investacorp Advisory Services, Inc. that include cease and desist orders and impose remedial sanctions of disgorgement and prejudgment interest; the combined total amount is $2,149, which had previously been reserved. The matter was closed as to the third investment advisory subsidiary without formal action.

Two arbitration claims were filed against Securities America in June and September 2018, and one complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York in February 2019, by a total of 14 customers asserting that a former registered representative of Securities America defrauded them through, among other things, the use of improper wire transfers and false account documents. The customers asserted, among other claims, claims for fraud, negligence, §10(b) violations, failure to supervise, respondeat superior, breach of fiduciary and other duties. In November and December 2018, settlements were reached resolving the two arbitration claims; the amounts paid in connection with those two claims were not material. Securities America is seeking to resolve the complaint, which asserts a total of $18,000 in compensatory damages.

In the ordinary course of business, in addition to the above disclosed matters, the Company's subsidiaries are defendants in other litigation, arbitration and regulatory proceedings and may be subject to unasserted claims primarily in connection with their activities as securities broker-dealers or as a result of services provided in connection with securities offerings. Such litigation and claims may involve substantial or indeterminate amounts and are in varying stages of legal proceedings.

The Company had accrued liabilities in the amount of approximately $3,968 at March 31, 2019 and $9,869 at December 31, 2018 for certain pending matters which are included in accounts payable and accrued liabilities. Amounts accrued are based on judgment and currently available information and involve a variety of factors, including, but not limited to, the type and nature of the litigation, claim or proceeding, the progress of the matter, advice of counsel, available defenses, potential recoveries from other parties, experience in similar cases of proceedings, as well as assessment of matters, including settlements, involving other defendants in similar or related cases of proceedings. During the three months ended March 31, 2019 and March 31, 2018, the Company charged $1,031 and $2,572, respectively, to operations with respect to such matters. For other pending matters, the Company was unable to estimate a range of possible loss; however, in the opinion of management, after consultation with counsel, the ultimate resolution of these matters is not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

11. Off-Balance-Sheet Risk and Concentration of Credit Risk

Securities America, Triad, Investacorp, KMS, SSN and Ladenburg do not carry accounts for customers or perform custodial functions related to customers’ securities. They introduce all of their customer transactions, which are not reflected in these financial statements, to clearing brokers, which maintain cash and the customers’ accounts and clear such transactions. Also, the clearing brokers provide the clearing and depository operations for proprietary securities transactions. These activities create exposure to off-balance-sheet risk in the event that customers do not fulfill their obligations to the clearing brokers, as each of Securities America, Triad, Investacorp, KMS, SSN and Ladenburg has agreed to indemnify such clearing brokers for any resulting losses. Each of such entities continually assesses risk associated with each customer who is on margin credit and records an estimated loss when management believes collection from the customer is unlikely.



22

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)




The clearing operations for the Securities America, Triad, Investacorp, KMS, SSN and Ladenburg securities transactions are provided by two clearing brokers. At March 31, 2019, the amount due from these clearing brokers was $42,059, which represents a substantial concentration of credit risk should these clearing brokers be unable to fulfill their obligations.

In the normal course of business, Securities America, Triad, Investacorp, KMS, SSN and Ladenburg may enter into transactions in financial instruments with off-balance sheet risk. As of March 31, 2019, Securities America, Triad and Ladenburg sold securities that they do not own and will therefore be obligated to purchase such securities at a future date. These obligations have been recorded in the statements of financial condition at the market values of the related securities, and such entities will incur a loss if, at the time of purchase, the market value of the securities has increased since the applicable date of sale.

The Company and its subsidiaries maintain cash in bank deposit accounts, which, at times, may exceed federally insured limits. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and believes it is not exposed to any significant credit risk on cash.

12. Shareholders’ Equity

Repurchase Program

In March 2007, October 2011, November 2014, November 2016 and April 2019, the Company’s board of directors authorized in the aggregate the repurchase of up to 37,500,000 shares of the Company’s common stock from time to time on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions, depending on market conditions.

Since inception through March 31, 2019, 25,184,105 shares of common stock have been repurchased for $66,116 under the program and have been retired. No shares were repurchased during the three months ended March 31, 2019. As of March 31, 2019, 2,315,895 shares remained available for purchase under the program. In April 2019, our board of directors authorized the repurchase of up to an additional 10,000,000 shares of our common stock from time to time on the open market or in privately negotiated transactions depending on market conditions.

Stock Compensation Plans

As of March 31, 2019, there was $172 of unrecognized compensation cost for stock-based compensation related to options. This cost is expected to be recognized over the vesting periods of the options, which on a weighted-average basis is approximately 0.78 year for all grants.

Options were exercised to purchase 170,217 shares of the Company’s common stock during the three months ended March 31, 2019, respectively, for which the intrinsic value on dates of exercise was $235.

Restricted stock granted during the three months ended March 31, 2019 was as follows:
Grant Date
 
Final Vesting Date
Shares
Fair Value (1)
January 10, 2019 (2)
 
January 10, 2023
2,295,000

$
7,436

January 25, 2019 (3)
 
January 25, 2021
30,000

86

 
 
 
2,325,000

$
7,522


(1)
Fair value is calculated using the closing price on the grant date.
(2)
Vests in four equal annual installments beginning on the first anniversary of the grant date.
(3)
Vests in two equal annual installments beginning on the first anniversary of the grant date.

As of March 31, 2019, there was $13,797 of unrecognized compensation cost for stock-based compensation related to restricted stock grants, of which $7,046 related to the 2019 grants described above. This cost is expected to be recognized over the vesting periods of the restricted stock, which on a weighted-average basis are approximately 3.05 years for all grants and approximately 3.76 years for the 2019 grants.


23

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)




Stock-based compensation, including options and restricted stock, attributed to employees was $1,483 for the three and months ended March 31, 2019.

Stock-based compensation for consultants and independent financial advisors was $11 for the three months ended March 31, 2019. In the three months ended March 31, 2019, 341,704 shares were surrendered to cover payment of taxes.

Capital Stock

During the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company sold 287,230 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, under the Company's "at the market" offering program, which provided total net proceeds to the Company of $6,915. During April 2019, the Company sold an additional 101,977 shares of Series A Preferred Stock, which provided total net proceeds of $2,549.

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company paid dividends of $8,590, on its outstanding Series A Preferred Stock based on a monthly dividend of approximately $0.1667 per share.

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company paid a quarterly dividend of $0.0125 per share on its outstanding common stock. For the three months ended March 31, 2019, the Company paid dividends of $1,794 on its outstanding common stock.

13. Per Share Data

Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) attributable to the Company, decreased in the case of income and increased in the case of loss by dividends declared on preferred stock, by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding.

The dilutive effect of incremental common shares potentially issuable under outstanding options and warrants and unvested restricted stock is included in diluted earnings per share utilizing the treasury stock method. A reconciliation of basic and diluted common shares used in the computation of per share data follows:
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
2019
 
2018
 
Basic weighted-average shares
143,311,024

 
195,898,794

 
Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
     Options to purchase common stock

 

 
     Restricted shares of common stock

 

 
Dilutive potential common shares

 

 
Weighted average common shares outstanding and dilutive potential common shares
143,311,024

 
195,898,794

 

For the three months ended March 31, 2019, options and warrants to purchase 20,576,822 shares of common stock and 5,137,125 unvested restricted shares of common stock were not included in the computation of diluted loss per share as the effect would have been anti-dilutive.

For the three months ended March 31, 2018, options and warrants to purchase 28,415,341 shares of common stock and 4,249,645 unvested restricted shares of common stock were not included in the computation of diluted loss per share as the effect would have been anti-dilutive.





24

LADENBURG THALMANN FINANCIAL SERVICES INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS - (Continued)
(Unaudited; Amounts in thousands, except share and per share amounts)




14. Noncontrolling Interest

Arbor Point Advisors, LLC (“APA”), a registered investment advisor, which began operations in 2013, provides investment advisory services through APA's licensed investment advisor representatives. Securities America holds an 80% interest in APA and an unaffiliated entity owns a 20% interest. Because Securities America is the controlling managing member of APA, the results of operations of APA are included in the Company's consolidated financial statements, and amounts attributable to the 20% unaffiliated investor are recorded as a noncontrolling interest.

15. Segment Information

The Company has three operating segments. The independent advisory and brokerage services segment includes the investment advisory and broker-dealer services provided by the Company's independent advisory and brokerage subsidiaries to their independent contractor financial advisors and the wealth management services provided by Premier Trust. The Ladenburg segment includes the investment banking, sales and trading, asset management services and investment activities conducted by Ladenburg and LTAM. The insurance brokerage segment includes the wholesale insurance brokerage activities provided by Highland, which delivers life insurance, fixed and equity indexed annuities and long-term care solutions to investment and insurance providers, and an affiliate of Highland, which provides marketing strategies, product expertise, and back-office processing for fixed and equity-indexed annuities.

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, or EBITDA, as adjusted for acquisition-related expense, amortization of retention and forgivable loans, amortization of contract acquisition costs, change in fair value of contingent consideration related to acquisitions, non-cash compensation expense, financial advisor recruiting expense and other expense, which includes excise and franchise tax expense, severance costs and compensation expense that may be paid in stock, is the primary profit measure the Company's management uses in evaluating financial performance for its reportable segments. EBITDA, as adjusted, is considered a non-GAAP financial measure as defined by Regulation G promulgated by the SEC under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended. The Company considers EBITDA, as adjusted, important in evaluating its financial performance on a consistent basis across various periods. Due to the significance of non-cash and non-recurring items, EBITDA, as adjusted, enables the Company's Board of Directors and management to monitor and evaluate the business on a consistent basis. The Company uses EBITDA, as adjusted, as a primary measure, among others, to analyze and evaluate financial and strategic planning decisions regarding future operating investments and potential acquisitions. The Company believes that EBITDA, as adjusted, eliminates items that are not indicative of its core operating performance, such as acquisition-related expense, amortization of retention and forgivable loans, amortization of contract acquisition costs and financial advisor recruiting expenses, or do not involve a cash outlay, such as stock-related compensation, which is expected to remain a key element in our long-term incentive compensation program. EBITDA, as adjusted, should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, income (loss) before income taxes, net income (loss) and cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities.

Segment information for the three months ended March 31, 2019 and 2018 was as follows:

Three Months Ended March 31, 2019
 
Independent
Advisory and Brokerage Services
 
Ladenburg
 
Insurance Brokerage
 
Corporate
 
Total
Revenues
 
$
282,988

 
$
15,811

 
$
36,169

 
$
487

 
$
335,455

Income (loss) before income taxes
 
14,262

 
1,221

 
(476
)
 
(10,179
)
(1) 
4,828

EBITDA, as adjusted (3)
 
22,798

 
1,603

 
169

 
(4,177
)
 
20,393

Identifiable assets (2)
 
528,795

 
57,963

 
96,738

 
77,787

 
761,283

Depreciation and amortization
 
5,309

 
120

 
471

 
5

 
5,905

Interest
 
85

 
(13
)
 
62

 
4,915

 
5,049

Capital expenditures
 
3,009

 

 
27

 
213

 
3,249

Non-cash compensation
 
259

 
179

 

 
1,056

 
1,494

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31, 2018
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Revenues
 
$
275,529

 
$
22,314

 
$
31,060

 
$
481

 
$
329,384

Income (loss) before income taxes
 
10,680

 
4,313

 
(131
)
 
(7,226
)
(1) 
7,636

EBITDA, as adjusted (3)
 
20,011

 
4,651

 
441

 
(4,939
)
 
20,164

Identifiable assets (2)
 
468,800

 
46,960

 
87,257

 
81,138