Note 16 - Earnings Per Share
|6 Months Ended|
Apr. 30, 2019
|Notes to Financial Statements|
|Earnings Per Share [Text Block]||
16.Earnings Per Share
The Company calculates earnings per share in accordance with ASC
Earnings Per Share. For purposes of calculating earnings (loss) per share (“EPS”), a company that has participating security holders (for example, holders of unvested restricted stock that have non-forfeitable dividend rights and the Company’s Series A Preferred Stock) is required to utilize the
two-class method for calculating EPS unless the treasury stock method results in lower EPS. The
two-class method is an allocation of earnings/(loss) between the holders of common stock and a company’s participating security holders. Under the
two-class method, earnings/(loss) for the reporting period is calculated by taking the net income (loss) for the period, less both the dividends declared in the period on participating securities (whether or
notpaid) and the dividends accumulated for the period on cumulative preferred stock (whether or
notearned) for the period. Our common shares outstanding are comprised of shareholder owned common stock and shares of unvested restricted stock held by participating security holders. Basic EPS is calculated by dividing income or loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding, excluding participating shares. To calculate diluted EPS, basic EPS is further adjusted to include the effect of potentially dilutive stock options outstanding.
April 30, 2019 (Successor), the Company had outstanding (
13.0million warrants to purchase shares of common stock, (
6.7million outstanding unvested stock awards, (
1.2million outstanding stock options and
2.5million shares of Series A Preferred Stock, all of which could potentially be dilutive. For all periods presented, the weighted-average dilutive impact, if any, of these shares was excluded from the calculation of diluted earnings (loss) per common share because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive. As a result, dilutive earnings (loss) per share is equal to basic earnings (loss) per share.
The table below shows our basic and diluted EPS calculations for the period from
December 6, 2018through
April 30, 2019 (Successor):
Under the terms and conditions of the Company’s Participating Preferred Stock Agreement, the holders of the preferred stock have the right to receive dividends or dividend equivalents should the Company declare dividends on its common stock on a
oneper-share basis. Under the
two-class method, undistributed earnings is calculated by the earnings for the period less the cumulative preferred stock dividends earned for the period. The undistributed earnings are then allocated on a pro-rata basis to the common and preferred stockholders on a
oneper-share basis. The weighted-average number of common and preferred shares outstanding during the period is then used to calculate basic EPS for each class of shares. As a result, the undistributed earnings available to common shareholders is calculated by earnings (loss) for the period less the cumulative preferred stock dividends earned for the period less undistributed earnings allocated to the holders of the preferred stock.
In periods in which the Company has a net loss or undistributed net loss, basic loss per share is calculated by dividing the loss attributable to common stockholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding during the period. The
two-class method is
notused, because the holders of the preferred stock do
notparticipate in losses.
The table below shows our basic and diluted EPS calculations for the Predecessor periods from
November 1, 2018through
December 5, 2018and from
November 1, 2017through
April 30, 2018:
The entire disclosure for earnings per share.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef